Washoe County is a county located in the U.S.
state of Nevada.
population was 339,486 at the 2000 census
; 2008 Census Bureau
estimates listed a
population of 410,443. Its county seat is
County is part of the Reno‚ÄďSparks Metropolitan Statistical
Washoe County was created in 1861 as one of the original nine
counties of the Nevada Territory
It is named after the Washoe
who originally inhabited the area. It was consolidated with
City was the first county seat in 1861 and was replaced
by Reno in
In 1911 a small group of Bannock
under a leader named "Shoshone Mike"
killed four ranchers in Washoe County. A posse was formed, and on
February 26, 1911, they caught up with the band, and eight of them
were killed, along with one member of the posse, Ed Hogle. Three
children and a woman who survived the battle were captured.
remains of some of the members of the band were repatriated from
Institution to the Fort
Hall Idaho Shoshone-Bannock Tribe in 1994.It is the only county
that borders 3 counties in state of California, Idaho, and
According to the U.S.
county has a total area of 6,551 square miles
(16,968 km¬≤), of which, 6,342 square miles
(16,426 km¬≤) of it is land and 209 square miles
(541 km¬≤) of it is water, 3.19% of the total area.
There are two incorporated cities within the county: Reno and
National protected areas
As of the census
of 2000, there were 339,486
people, 132,084 households, and 83,741 families residing in the
county. The population density
was 54 people per square mile (21/km¬≤). There were 143,908 housing
units at an average density of 23 per square mile (9/km¬≤). The
racial makeup of the county was 80.41% White
, 2.09% Black
or African American
, 1.82% Native American
, 4.28% Asian
, 0.46% Pacific Islander
, 7.67% from
, and 3.28%
from two or more races. 16.58% of the population were Hispanic
of any race.
There were 132,084 households out of which 31.10% had children
under the age of 18 living with them, 47.90% were married couples
living together, 10.30% had a
female householder with no husband present, and 36.60% were
non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals
and 7.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or
older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family
size was 3.09.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.90% under the
age of 18, 9.80% from 18 to 24, 31.00% from 25 to 44, 23.80% from
45 to 64, and 10.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median
age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 102.80 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.80
The median income for a household in the county was $45,815, and
the median income for a family was $54,283. Males had a median
income of $36,226 versus $27,953 for females. The per capita income
for the county was
$24,277. About 6.70% of families and 10.00% of the population were
below the poverty line
12.20% of those under age 18 and 6.20% of those age 65 or
Ranching in Washoe County