West Riding of Yorkshire was one of the three
historic subdivisions of Yorkshire, England.
1889 to 1974 the administrative county, County of York,
(abbreviated: "County of York
") (the area under the control of West Riding County
Council), was based closely on the historic boundaries.
at that time included the City of York and as such
was named West Riding of the County of York, and the City
and County of the City of York.
boundaries roughly correspond to the current counties of West Yorkshire, South Yorkshire and the Craven, Harrogate and Selby districts of
North Yorkshire, along with some
smaller parts in Lancashire, Cumbria, Greater
Manchester and, since 1996, the unitary East Riding of
Riding encompassed 1,771,562 acres
(7,169 km²) from Sheffield in the south to Sedbergh in the north and from Slaidburn in the west to Adlingfleet in the east.
most English counties that were divided into hundreds, because of
its size, Yorkshire was divided first into Thrydings (ancient
Norse word for thirds), which were called three Riding (North, East & West) and the City of York (the definition of which is inside the city walls), which is not part of any
Each Riding was then divided into wapentakes
, a division comparable to the hundred
of southern England.
wapentakes of the West Riding were Agbrigg and Morley, Barkston Ash, Ewcross, Claro, Osgoldcross, Skyrack, Staincliffe, Staincross, Strafforth, Tickhill.
southern industrial district, considered in the broadest
application of the term, extended northward from Sheffield to
Skipton and eastward
from Sheffield to Doncaster, covering less than one-half of the Riding.
this district were Barnsley, Batley, Bradford, Brighouse, Dewsbury, Doncaster, Halifax, Huddersfield, Keighley, Leeds, Morley, Ossett, Pontefract, Pudsey, Rotherham, Sheffield, Todmorden (partly in Lancashire until 1888 when it became
wholly in Yorkshire where it remains to this day), and Wakefield. Major centres elsewhere in the Riding
included Harrogate, and Ripon.
the industrial region, other urban districts included Bingley, Bolton on
Dearne, Castleford, Cleckheaton, Elland, Featherstone, Handsworth, Hoyland
Nether, Liversedge, Mexborough, Mirfield, Normanton, Rawmarsh, Rothwell, Saddleworth, Shipley, Skipton, Sowerby
Bridge, Stanley, Swinton, Thornhill, Wath-upon-Dearne, Wombwell and Worsborough. Outside the industrial region were Goole, Ilkley, Knaresborough and Selby.
Riding also contained a large rural area to the north including the
Dales National Park.
The administrative county was formed in 1889 by the Local Government Act 1888
covered the historic West Riding except for the larger urban areas,
which were county boroughs
powers of both a municipal borough
and a county council
. Initially there
were five in number: Bradford, Leeds, Huddersfield, Halifax, and
Sheffield. The City of York (also a
county borough) was included in the county for census and lieutenancy purposes.
The number of
county boroughs increased over the years; Rotherham gained this
status in 1902, Barnsley and Dewsbury in 1913, Wakefield in 1915
and Doncaster in 1927. The boundaries of existing county boroughs
were also widened.
Beginning in 1898, the West Riding County Council was based at the
in Wakefield, which was
inherited by the West Yorkshire County Council in 1974.
The Local Government Act 1888 included the entirety of Todmorden
with the West Riding administrative county, and also in its
lieutenancy area ("county"). Other boundary changes in the county
included the expansion of the county borough of Sheffield southward
in areas historically in Derbyshire such as Dore.
By 1971 1,924,853 people (or 50.85% of the West Riding's
population) lived in the administrative county, against 1,860,435
(or 49.15%) in the ten county boroughs.
Unlike most counties in England, which historically
were divided into hundreds,
Yorkshire was first divided into Thrydings
, meaning 'Thirds', which were the three
of Yorkshire and
then into wapentakes
the West Riding of Yorkshire there were ten wapentakes in total,
four of which were split into two divisions, those were— Claro
, Strafforth and Tickhill and Staincliffe . The wapentake of Agbrigg and
Morley was created with two divisions but was later split
into two separate wapentakes. A wapentake known as
the Ainsty to the
west of York, was until
the 15th century a Wapentake of the West Riding, but since then has
come under the jurisdiction of the City of
YorkAgbrigg and Morley,
The term West Riding
is still used in the names of
the following clubs, and organisations:
- 49 Signal Squadron , a squadron of
34 (Northern) Signal Regiment (Volunteers) based at New Carlton
Barracks in Leeds
- 51st (2nd Yorkshire, West Riding) Light Infantry , a
re-enactment group based in the West Midlands who depict this
Regiment during the Napoleonic Wars
- 106 (West Riding) Field Squadron (Air Support)
(Volunteers), a squadron of 73 Engineer Regiment (Volunteers)
based in Greenhill, Sheffield and Manningham Lane, Bradford
- 219 (West Riding) Squadron, a squadron of 150
(Yorkshire) Transport Regiment, Royal Logistic Corps (Volunteers),
based at Londesbrough St Barracks in Hull
- 269 Battery RA,
a Surveillance and Target Acquisition battery of 101 (Northumbrian)
Regiment Royal Artillery (Volunteers) based at Old Carlton Barracks
- 609 (West Riding) Squadron RAuxAF, a Royal
Auxiliary Air Force squadron based at RAF Leeming
- Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding)
- West Riding Cat Rescue
- Leeds - West
Riding Cricket League
- Provincial Grand Lodge of Yorkshire, West Riding, a
province in Freemasonry
- West Riding County Amateur Football league
- West Riding
County Football Association
- West Riding
Girls Football League
- West Riding Opera
Riding Organics, manufacturers of Soil Association certified
peat free organic composts and fertilisers
- West Riding Ramblers Association
Riding Sailing Club
- New Municipal Buildings at Wakefield, The Times, February 23, 1898.