West Stockbridge is a
town in Berkshire
County, Massachusetts, United
States. It is part of the Pittsfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical
The population was 1,416 at the 2000 census.
West Stockbridge was first settled in 1766 and was officially
incorporated in 1775. The town grew out of Stockbridge, formerly
known as Indiantown, and was originally called Queensborough. The
area was part of the disputed border between Massachusetts and New
York, which eventually left the town in its current state. The town
grew as five separate villages (West Center, West Stockbridge,
Freedleyville, Rockdale and Williamsville), with West Stockbridge
growing the largest because of the railroad, which hauled iron ore
and marble. The town had an ironworks in Williamsville, founded by
Colonel Elijah Williams, and the furnace smokestack is the only
part which remains of the works.
According to the United
States Census Bureau
, the town has a total area of
18.6 square miles (48.3 km²), of which, 18.5 square
miles (47.9 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles
(0.4 km²) of it (0.86%) is water.
Stockbridge is bordered on the north by Richmond, on the east by Stockbridge, on the south by Great
Barrington, on the southwest by Alford, and on the west by Austerlitz and Canaan, New York. West Stockbridge is eleven miles
south-southwest of Pittsfield, Massachusetts, fifty miles west-northwest of Springfield and 132 miles west of Boston.
West Stockbridge is situated along the Williams River, a marshy
tributary of the Housatonic River
To the northeast, West Stockbridge Mountain lies along the
Stockbridge town line. To the southwest, Tom Ball Mountain rises
above the Alford town line, and Harvey Mountain rises on the state
border. Maple Hill rises in the center of town, and is covered by a
wildlife management area.
, also known as the
crosses into the state in West Stockbridge. Exit 1, which solely
consists of a western exit and eastern entrance, is located near
the center of town, near the southern junction of Route 41
and Route 102
, which begins on the state
border in the village of State Line.
An abandoned rail line crosses through town, adjoining the active
line in State Line and heading southward through town towards Great
Barrington. The nearest regional transportation services can all be
reached in Pittsfield, including bus, Amtrak
and air service. The nearest national air service is at
International Airport in New York.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 1,416
people, 601 households, and 406 families residing in the town. By
population, West Stockbridge ranks 18th out of the 32 cities and
towns in Berkshire County, and 310th out of 351 cities and towns in
Massachusetts. The population
was 76.6 people per square mile (29.6/km²), which rank
15th in the county and 299th in the Commonwealth. There were 769
housing units at an average density of 41.6/sq mi (16.1/km²).
The racial makeup of the town was 98.09% White
, 0.28% African American
, 0.07% from other races
, and 0.56% from two
or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 0.85%
of the population.
There were 601 households out of which 28.1% had children under the
age of 18 living with them, 56.9% were married
living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no
husband present, and 32.4% were non-families. 27.0% of all
households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living
alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size
was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.86.
In the town the population was spread out with 21.8% under the age
of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 31.6% from 45 to
64, and 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was
44 years. For every 100 females there were 96.1 males. For every
100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $51,000, and the
median income for a family was $64,464. Males had a median income
of $40,865 versus $32,273 for females. The per capita income
for the town was
$31,425. About 1.8% of families and 4.3% of the population were
below the poverty line
, including 1.3%
of those under age 18 and 3.8% of those age 65 or over.
Shaker Mill, located along the
West Stockbridge employs the open town
form of government, and is led by a board of selectmen
and an administrative
assistant. The town has its own services, including police, fire
and public works, as well as a post office. The town operates a
library four days a week, which is connected to the regional
On the state level, West Stockbridge is represented in the Massachusetts House of
by the Fourth Berkshire district, which covers
southern Berkshire County, as well as the westernmost towns in
Hampden County. In the Massachusetts Senate
, the town is
represented by the Berkshire, Hampshire and Franklin district,
which includes all of Berkshire County and western Hampshire and
Franklin Counties. The town is patrolled by the First (Lee) Station
of Barracks "B" of the Massachusetts State Police
national level, West Stockbridge is represented in the United States House of
Representatives as part of Massachusetts's 1st
congressional district, and has been represented by John Olver of Amherst since June 1991.
Massachusetts is currently
represented in the United States
by senior Senator John Kerry
and interim junior senator Paul Kirk
is scheduled to be held on January 19, 2010 to fill
seat currently held by Kirk.
West Stockbridge is a member of the Berkshire Hills Regional School
District, along with Stockbridge and Great Barrington, which hosts
all the district's schools. All students in the district attend the
Muddy Hills Regional School from pre-kindergarten through fourth
grades. Middle school students attend Monument Valley Regional
Middle School, and high school students attend Monument Mountain
Regional High School. There are private schools located in the
nearby towns of Great Barrington and Lenox which are also open to
students from the town.
nearest community college is the
South County branch of Berkshire Community College in Great Barrington. The nearest state
college is Massachusetts College of Liberal
Arts in North Adams, and the nearest state university is
the University of
The nearest private college is
Bard College at Simon's
, also in Great Barrington.
- West Stockbridge, Massachusetts - The
- Senators and Representatives by City and Town
- Station B-1, SP Lee
- Governor sets date for special Senate election,
presses for interim appointment