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Wheatland is the historic estate in Lancastermarker, Pennsylvaniamarker, of James Buchanan, 15th President of the United States.

The Estate

William Jenkins, a lawyer, built and named the Federal mansion house in 1828. Buchanan purchased the property - three tracts totalling , including the mansion and several outbuildings, in December 1848 from William Morris Meredith, a Philadelphia lawyer.

Harriet Lane Johnston, the president's niece, inherited the estate when Buchanan died at Wheatland on June 1, 1868. A resident of Baltimore, Marylandmarker, she used Wheatland as a summer retreat. In 1884 the estate was purchased by George B. Willson, a Lancastermarker businessman. Willson made relatively few alterations to the building, although he did install electricity and plumbing, and in 1893, he sold off 13 of the original to Henry Williamson. When Willson died in 1929, Wheatland was inherited by Mary Willson Rettew, a cousin, who died in 1934. The James Buchanan Foundation for the Preservation of Wheatland was incorporated on August 11 1935, and the property was purchased from the Rettew estate on February 27 1936.

Wheatland sits next to the Lancaster County Historical Society in a residential neighborhood just outside the Lancaster city limits. Currently, the mansion, carriage house, privy, and smokehouse/icehouse sit on the owned by The James Buchanan Foundation. The mansion, privy, and smokehouse/icehouse date from 1828, when the mansion was built. The carriage house is thought to have been built by George Willson.

The buildings have been restored to show life during the years of Buchanan’s occupancy (1848-1868). The estate is a national historic landmark, supported by admission fees and memberships.

The front grounds of Wheatland

Wheatland historically

Buchanan developed a deep affection for Wheatland, enjoying "the comforts and tranquility of home" amid the "troubles, perplexities, and difficulties" of public life.

He successfully ran his 1856 national campaign from Wheatland instead of doing extensive travelling. When he retired to Wheatland, many famous leaders visited the estate to seek his advice and support.



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