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The White House Press Secretary is a senior White Housemarker official whose primary responsibility is to act as spokesperson for the government administration. Since January 20, 2009, Robert Gibbs is the Press Secretary to U.S. President Barack Obama.



The Press Secretary is responsible for collecting information about actions and events within the president's administration and around the world, and interacting with the media, generally in a daily press briefing. The information includes items such as a summary of the President's schedule for the day, whom the president has seen, or had communication and the official position of the administration on the news of the day. As of January 2009(?), the position pays approximately US$170,000 per year.

The Press Secretary traditionally also fields questions from the White House press corps in briefings and press conferences, which are generally televised, and "press gaggles", which are on-the-record briefings without video recording, although transcripts are usually made available.

The position has often been filled by individuals from news-media backgrounds:

List of Press Secretaries

Year(s) Press Secretary President
1929–1930 George Edward Akerson Herbert Hoover
1930–1933 Ted Joslin
1933–1945 Stephen Early Franklin D. Roosevelt
1945 J. Leonard Reinsch
1945 Jonathan W. Daniels
Harry S. Truman
1945–1950 Charles Griffith Ross
1950 Stephen Early
1950–1952 Joseph Short
1952–1953 Roger Tubby
1953–1961 James Hagerty Dwight D. Eisenhower
1961–1964 Pierre Salinger John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
1964–1965 George Reedy
1965–1966 Bill Moyers
1966–1969 George Christian
1969–1974 Ron Ziegler Richard Nixon
1974 Jerald terHorst Gerald Ford
1974–1977 Ron Nessen
1977–1981 Jody Powell Jimmy Carter
1981–1989 James Brady 1 Ronald Reagan
1981–1987 Larry Speakes 2
1987–1989 Marlin Fitzwater 2
1989–1993 Marlin Fitzwater George H.W. Bush
1993–1994 Dee Dee Myers 3 Bill Clinton
1993 George Stephanopoulos 4
1994–1998 Mike McCurry
1998–2000 Joe Lockhart
2000–2001 Jake Siewert
2001–2003 Ari Fleischer George W. Bush
2003–2006 Scott McClellan
2006–2007 Tony Snow
2007–2009 Dana Perino
Since 2009 Robert Gibbs Barack Obama
1 Did not brief the press after wounded in the Reagan assassination attemptmarker.

2 De facto Press Secretary (as White House Deputy Press Secretary).

3 Did not brief the press while Stephanopoulos was Communications Director.
First female Press Secretary.

4 De facto Press Secretary (as White House Communications Director).


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