White Pine County is a
county located in the U.S. state of Nevada.
population to be 9,181; a 2006 estimate placed its population at
county seat is Ely .
It is the
home of Great Basin
The name derives from White Pine
, an old name for the Limber Pine
, a common tree in the county's
County was created in 1869 out of eastern Lander
County and was named for the heavy growth of pine trees in
the area, thought to be white pine. Hamilton was the
first county seat from 1869 to 1887 when it was replaced after a
fire by Ely.
According to the U.S.
county has a total area of 8,897 square
), of which,
8,876 square miles (22,989 km²) of it is land and
21 square miles (53 km²) of it (0.23%) is water.
sections of the Humboldt-Toiyabe National
Forest exist within the county, within the Snake Range, Egan
Range, White Pine
Range, Ruby Mountains, and
The county also contains Ward Charcoal Ovens
State Historical Park
southeastern part of the county is Great Basin
National Park and Wheeler Peak, the
tallest mountain wholly within Nevada.
White Pine County is home to a number of designated wilderness areas
. They were created on
December 20, 2006, by the "White Pine County Conservation,
Recreation, and Development Act of 2006."
From the late nineteenth century until near the end of the
twentieth century, the major industry was mining
the region's deposits of copper
, and gold
. The most notable of these operations
included a series of open-pit copper
mines near the town of Ruth, and a
copper smelter in McGill, run by the
Kennecott Utah Copper
As of the census
of 2000, there were 9,181
people, 3,282 households, and 2,159 families residing in the
county. The population density
was 1.0 people per square mile (0.40/km²). There were 4,439 housing
units at an average density of 0.50 per square mile
(0.19/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 86.35% White
, 4.14% Black
or African American
, 3.29% Native American
, 0.78% Asian
, 0.24% Pacific Islander
, 3.09% from
, and 2.10%
from two or more races. 10.98% of the population were Hispanic
of any race.
There were 3,282 households out of which 31.20% had children under
the age of 18 living with them, 51.80% were married couples
living together, 9.3% had a female
householder with no husband present, and 34.2% were non-families.
29.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had
someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average
household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.2% under the
age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45
to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age
was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 128.6 males. For
every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 138.5 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $36,688, and
the median income for a family was $44,136. Males had a median
income of $36,083 versus $26,425 for females. The per capita income
for the county was
$18,309. About 10.3% of families and 11.0% of the population were
below the poverty line
, including 11.8%
of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns
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