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White pride is a slogan used primarily in the United Statesmarker and Canadamarker to agitate for a white European racial identity. The slogan is widely used by white nationalists, white separatists and white supremacist. White pride activists argue that white pride is equivalent to black pride and similar terms that express ethnic self-affirmation.

Carol M. Swain and Russell Nieli state that the white pride movement is a relatively new phenomenon in the United States, arguing that over the course of the 1990s, "a new white pride, white protest, and white consciousness movement has developed in America". They identify three contributing factors: an immigrant influx during the 1980s and 1990s, resentment over affirmative action policies, and the growth of the Internet as a tool for the expression and mobilization of grievances.

Beliefs

A white pride T-shirt
Defenders of the term claim that white pride is equivalent to black pride and similar terms that express ethnic self-affirmation. According to an American Renaissance writer, "the United States government is biased against white people" because it views phrases such as "white pride" as offensive, but not "black pride". White pride advocates argue that there is a cultural double standard in which only certain ethnic groups are permitted to openly express pride in their heritage, and that white pride is not inherently racist, being roughly analogous to positions such as black pride or gay pride.

Advocates of white pride argue that white people should be recognized as a cohesive and legitimate cultural group, with the right to promote their sociopolitical interests. According to a University of Minnesotamarker study, 77% of white Americans believe "their race has a distinct culture that should be preserved."

White pride activists argue that white people will become a minority group in historically white countries. They note that non-Hispanic whites comprise less than half the population of Californiamarker and Texasmarker, the states with the largest economies outside of New Yorkmarker, and that some models predict that white people will become a numerical minority in the United Kingdommarker by 2100.

Usage

The term white pride is widely used by groups that are sometimes called white separatist, white nationalist or white supremacist. Sociologists Betty A. Dobratz and Stephanie L Shanks-Meile state that the slogan "White Power! White Pride!" is "a much-used chant of white separatist movement supporters". The slogan "White Pride, World Wide" appears in the logo of Stormfront, a website owned and operated by Don Black, who was formerly a Grand Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan. The North Georgia White Knights of the Ku Klux Klan describe themselves as "a patriotic, White Christian revival movement dedicated to preserving the maintenance of White Pride and the rights of the White Race".

Criticism

Philosopher David Ingram argues that "affirming 'black pride' is not equivalent to affirming 'white pride,' since the former—unlike the latter—is a defensive strategy aimed at rectifying a negative stereotype". By contrast, then, "affirmations of white pride—however thinly cloaked as affirmations of ethnic pride—serve to mask and perpetuate white privilege". According to Joseph T. Roy of the Southern Poverty Law Center, white supremacists often circulate material on the Internet and elsewhere that "portrays the groups not as haters, but as simple white pride civic groups concerned with social ills".

See also



Footnotes

  1. http://www.thestar.com/News/Canada/article/606290
  2. http://cnews.canoe.ca/CNEWS/Canada/2009/03/22/8842176-sun.html
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  7. For Texas, see ; for the UK, see ; and for California as well as the "developed world" as a whole, along with a commentary on rising white separatism, see .
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Bibliography

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External links




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