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Whitelaw Reid (October 27, 1837December 15, 1912) was a U.S.marker politician and newspaper editor, as well as the author of a popular history of Ohio in the Civil War.

Early life

Born on a farm near Xenia, Ohiomarker, Reid attended Xenia Academy and went on to graduate from Miami Universitymarker with honors in 1856. At Miami, he was a member of Delta Kappa Epsilon (Kappa chapter), and lobbied for the expulsion of the six members who ultimately founded Sigma Chi.


He was the longtime editor of the New York Tribune and close friend of Horace Greeley. He was a leader of the Liberal Republican movement in 1872.

A Republican, he had an illustrious career as a diplomat, serving as United States Ambassador to France from 1889 to 1892, and again as U.S. Ambassador to the Court of St. James's from 1905 to 1912. In 1892, he was the Republican vice presidential nominee replacing Levi P. Morton on a ticket headed by incumbent President Benjamin Harrison. The Harrison-Reid ticket received the electoral votes of sixteen states (145 EV) finishing second among the three tickets that captured electoral votes. Reid was given a spot on the Peace Commission following the Spanish-American War. Manhattanville College in Purchase, New Yorkmarker of Westchester Countymarker is located on his former estate.


After his death whilst serving as the ambassador to Britain, his body was returned to New York aboard HMS Natalmarker. He is buried in Sleepy Hollow Cemeterymarker in Sleepy Hollow, New Yorkmarker.



  1. American Authors 1600-1900: A Biographical Dictionary of American Literature (H. W. Wilson Co., New York, 1938)

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