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Wild Ass Wildlife Sanctuary also known as the Indian Wild Ass Sanctuary is located in the Little Rann of Kutchmarker in the Gujaratmarker state of Indiamarker. Spread over 4954 km², it is the largest wildlife sanctuary in India..

The wildlife sanctuary was established in 1972 and came under the Wildlife Protection Act of 1973. The sanctuary is one of the last places on earth where the endangered wild ass sub-species Khur (Equus hemionus khur) belonging to species Onager (Equus hemionus) can be spotted.


The Rann of Kutchmarker is a saline desert. During monsoon, the Rann (Gujarati for desert) gets flooded for a period of about one month and is dotted with about 74 elevated plateaus or islands, locally called 'bets'. These bets are covered with grass and feed the population of around 2100 animals.

Species found

The sanctuary is habitat to many species of animals and birds. According to the data submitted to the UNESCOmarker World Heritage Centre the sanctuary has


The main threat faced by the sanctuary is the illegal salt mining activity in the area. 25% of India's salt supply comes from mining in the area. The transportation of salt leads to noise and air pollution. Another major threat to the animals is due to the 217 km² firing range of the Indian army located within the sanctuary. Other threats faced by the sanctuary are poaching and proliferation of chemical factories in the region.

See also

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