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Dr. Wilhelm Stuckart (November 16, 1902 – November 15, 1953) was a Nazi Party lawyer and official, a state secretary in the Germanmarker Interior Ministry and later, a convicted war criminal.

Career

Stuckart was born in Wiesbadenmarker. After his final exam, he joined the Freikorps von Epp in 1919. From 1922 he was studying law at the university of Münchenmarker and Frankfurt am Mainmarker, he also joined the Nazi Party in December that year. He was heavily involved in the Nazis' early persecution of Jews, co-writing the anti-Semitic "Nuremberg Laws" imposed by the Nazi-controlled Reichstag in 1935. In 1936 he led the "Constitution and Legislation" department in the Reichs Interior Ministry and held the rank of SS-Obergruppenführer.

Wannsee Conference

Stuckart later represented Wilhelm Frick, the Interior Ministermarker, at the Wannsee conferencemarker on January 20, 1942, which discussed the imposition of the "Final Solution of the Jewish Question in the German Sphere of Influence in Europe".

It has been speculated by looking carefully at the edited conference minutes that at this conference Stuckart objected to the aforementioned laws being ignored by the SSmarker in fulfilling the "Final Solution", and pointed out the bureaucratic problems of such a radical course of action — insisting that mandatory sterilization would be a better option in preserving the 'spirit' of the Nuremberg laws. However, the Conference Chairman, SS-Obergruppenführer Reinhard Heydrich, informed Stuckart that the decision to exterminate the Jews had been made by Adolf Hitler and that according to the Führerprinzip, Hitler's word was above all written law. It is worth noting also that Stuckart and several others at the conference realized that Hitler did not give this order in writing, as was usual when he gave particularly secret or controversial orders.

After World War II

Stuckart served briefly as Interior Ministermarker after the fall of Heinrich Himmler in 1945.

After World War II, Stuckart was arrested by the Allies for war crimes, tried, and convicted in the Ministries Trial. He was sentenced to time served and released in April 1949. Despite his apparent involvement with Nazi policies, his defense introduced testimony of men such as former aide Hans Globke, who portrayed Stuckart as a loyal Nazi but one also interested in the rule of law, defending the Interior Ministry against political hacks, and mitigating the effect of racial laws on "half Jews."

Death

Stuckart was killed in November 1953 near Hanovermarker, West Germanymarker in a car accident. There has been speculation that the 'accident' was set up by persons hunting down former Nazis still at liberty.

Fictional portrayals

Stuckart has featured in popular culture:

References


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