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William Wildman Shute Barrington, 2nd Viscount Barrington PC (5 January 1717 – 1 February 1793) was a Britishmarker politician best known for his two period as Secretary of war during Britain's involvement in the Seven Years War and American War of Independence.

Background

Barrington was the eldest son of John Shute Barrington, 1st Viscount Barrington, by his wife Anne, daughter of Sir William Daines. Rear-Admiral the Hon. Samuel Barrington and the Right Reverend the Hon. Shute Barrington were his younger brothers. He was educated at Genevamarker, Switzerlandmarker, and after succeeding to the title in 1734, he spent some time travelling.

Early Political career

As Barrington's title was in the Peerage of Ireland it did not entitle him to a seat in the British House of Lordsmarker. In March 1740 he was returned to the House of Commonsmarker as Member of Parliament for Berwick-upon-Tweedmarker. Having taken his seat in the Irish House of Lords in 1745, he was appointed one of the lords commissioners of the admiralty in 1746, and was one of the 'managers' of the impeachment of Simon, Lord Lovat.

War Secretary

In 1754, he became member of parliament for Plymouth. In 1755 he was made a privy councillor and appointed as Secretary at War in the cabinet of the Duke of Newcastle - a post which held for the next six years throughout the Seven Years War. During this period his brother led an expedition that captured Guadeloupe.

In 1761 was transferred to the office of Chancellor of the Exchequer. In 1762 he became treasurer of the navy, and in 1765 returned to his former position of secretary at war. He retained this office until December 1778, and during four months in 1782 was joint postmaster-general.

Family

Lord Barrington married Mary, daughter of Henry Lovell and widow of the Hon. Samuel Grimston, in 1740. There were no surviving children from the marriage. She died in September 1764. Barrington remained a widower until his death at his country estate, Beckett Hallmarker at Shrivenhammarker in Berkshire (now Oxfordshire), in February 1893, aged 76. He was buried in the parish church, Shrivenham. His nephew William Barrington succeeded in the viscountcy.

References

  • which in turn cites:
    • Shute Barrington, Political Life of William Wildman, Viscount Barrington (London, 1814).



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