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William Curtis Colepaugh (March 25, 1918 - March 16, 2005) was an Americanmarker who, following his 1943 discharge from the US Naval Reserve ("for the good of the service", according to official reports), defected to Nazi Germanymarker in 1944. While a crewman on a United States Merchant Marine ship that stopped off in Lisbonmarker, Colepaugh defected at the German consulate. Colepaugh also attended Admiral Farragut Academy in Tom's River, New Jerseymarker.

Secret agent

Colepaugh was given extensive firearms and espionage training at a spy-school in German-occupied The Haguemarker. With the German agent Erich Gimpel, he was transported back to the USA by the U-boat U-1230, landing at Hancock Pointmarker in the Gulf of Mainemarker on 29 November 1944. Their mission was to gather technical information on the Allied war effort and transmit it back to Germany using a radio they were expected to build.

Together Colepaugh and Gimpel made their way to Bostonmarker and then by train to New Yorkmarker. Before long Colepaugh abandoned the mission, visiting an old schoolfriend and asking to turn himself in to the FBImarker, which was already searching for the two German agents following the sinking of a Canadian ship a few miles from the Maine coastline (indicating a U-boat had been nearby) and reports of suspicious sightings by local residents. The FBI interrogated Colepaugh, which then enabled them to track down Gimpel.

After their capture, the pair were handed over to US military authorities on the instructions of the Attorney General. In February 1945 they stood trial before a Military Commission, accused of conspiracy and violating the 82nd Article of War. They were found guilty and sentenced to be hanged, although this was subsequently commuted to life imprisonment by President Harry Truman. Colepaugh was paroled in 1960.

Last years

After his release, Colepaugh moved to King of Prussiamarker, Pennsylvaniamarker, near Philadelphiamarker, where he worked in a print shop. He subsequently owned and operated a retail business that sold lockers, desks and other metal office products he had learned to build in prison. He married and participated in community activities, volunteered with the Boy Scouts and became a member of Rotary. He died of complications from Alzheimer's Disease in 2005.

Gimpel and Colepaugh are believed to have been the last German spies in World War II who reached the United States.


  1. Willing, Richard. "USA Today" (February 27, 2002): The Nazi Spy Next Door

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