William Fogg Osgood
(1864–1943) was an American mathematician, born in Boston.
In 1886,
he graduated from Harvard, where, after studying at the universities of
Göttingen (1887–1889) and Erlangen (Ph.D., 1890),
he was instructor (1890–1893), assistant professor (1893–1903), and
thenceforth professor of
mathematics. He became professor emeritus in 1933. Osgood
was chairman of the department of mathematics in Harvard from 1918
to 1922.
From 1899 to 1902, he served as editor of the
Annals of Mathematics and in
1904–1905 was president of the
American Mathematical Society,
whose
Transactions he edited in 1909–1910.
In 1904, he was
elected to the National Academy of Sciences.
The works of Osgood dealt with
complex
analysis, in particular
conformal
mappingand uniformization of analytic functions, and
calculus of variations. He was
invited by
Felix Klein to write an
article on complex analysis in the
Enzyklopädie
der mathematischen Wissenschaften whichwas later expanded in
the book
Lehrbuch der Funktionentheorie. Besides his
research on analysis, Osgoodwas also interested in mathematical
physics and wrote on the theory of the
gyroscope.
Works by W. F. Osgood
Osgood's books include:
- Introduction to Infinite Series (Harvard
University Press 1897; third edition, 1906)
- (with W. C. Graustein) Plane and solid analytic geometry (Macmillan, NY,
1921)
- Lehrbuch der Funktionentheorie (Teubner,
Berlin, 1907; second edition, 1912)
- First Course in Differential and Integral Calculus (1907; revised edition, 1909)
- Elementary calculus (MacMillan, NY, 1921)
- Mechanics (MacMillan, NY, 1937)
Bibliography
William Fogg Osgood—In memoriam Bull. Amer. Math. Soc.
50, 139–142 (1944).