William Lambert Moran
(August 11, 1921 – December 19, 2000) was an American Assyriologist.
born in Chicago, United States.
In 1939, Moran joined the Jesuit
attended Loyola University in Chicago, where he received his B.A. in
After this, he taught Latin
in a high school in Cincinnati
between 1946 and 1947. He resumed his studies at Johns Hopkins University
his Ph.D. in 1950. After further studies he worked on the
"Chicago Assyrian Dictionary", and in 1955 he taught biblical
studies at the Pontifical
Biblical Institute in Rome between 1958
he took the position as professor of Assyriology at Harvard
University, and was respected as a rigorous and learned
teacher of the Akkadian language
who could easily discuss problems in Biblical lexicon and
He was married to Suzanne Drinker in 1970. In
1985, he was appointed Andrew W. Mellon Professor of the Humanities
Emeritus, and in 1996 he was made a Fellow of the American Academy
of Arts and Sciences.
in 1990, and moved to Brunswick, Maine, where he
died in 2000.
In 2005, a 224 page book titled 'Biblical and
Oriental Essays in Memory of William L. Moran,' edited by Agustinus
Gianto for Biblica et Orientalia 48
was published by Roma:
Pontificio Istituto Biblico to honor his career and memory.
His doctorate, under W.F Albright, studied Canaanite glosses
in the Amarna letters and
was significant for the understanding of biblical Hebrew. Other
significant publications include the standard translation and
commentary of "The Amarna Letters
1992. These texts document the international and imperial
correspondence of the Egyptian Pharaohs around the time of the
Egyptian kings Amenhotep III
. Many other journal articles
concerned illuminating studies of Akkadian literature, including
the Gilgamesh Epic