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William Ling (1 August 1908 – 8 May 1984) was an Englishmarker football referee from Staplefordmarker, Cambridgeshire, who refereed the 1954 FIFA World Cup Final.

1948 Olympic Games

Ling rose quickly through the ranks as a referee. He was initially on the supplementary list as a Football League match official but even so was selected to participate in the 1948 Olympic Games football tournament along with George Reader, Stanley Boardman and A. C. Williams from Brightonmarker. Ling refereed both the first round match involving Sweden, the quarter-final involving Italy and was then selected for the final between Sweden and Yugoslavia. The final itself turned on two penalty decisions early in the second half (both which were denied to the Yugoslavians) and which impacted on their temperament. Bernard Joy, in the 1960 publication "Association Football" (p.470), wrote: "The setbacks rattled the Yugoslavs, their behaviour got out of hand for a spell and they did not recover their rhythm. What made matters worse was when Gunnar Gren converted a penalty midway through the second half. It is true that Gunnar Nordahl was bowled over, but the offence looked no worse than those committed by the Swedish centre half Bertil Nordahl."

1951 FA Cup Final

By the start of the next season (1948-49) Ling had become a Football League referee, and within 3 years had been appointed to control an FA Cup Final.

Ling refereed the FA Cup Final in 1951, in which Newcastle United beat Blackpool with two Jackie Milburn goals. On the day of the Final, Ling spotted a policeman as he arrived at Wembley Stadiummarker. He recognised him as a player he had sent off previously during a Sunday league fixture and as he passed him, said: "Now what do you think?" The officer replied: "I still think you are no fucking good!"

1954 World Cup

The 1954 World Cup was only his second international tournament not having been selected for the 1950 FIFA World Cup. He was one of a group of four referees appointed from the United Kingdommarker for the 1954 tournament. The others were Benjamin Mervyn Griffiths from Walesmarker, Arthur Ellis from Yorkshiremarker and Charles Edward Faultless (Scotlandmarker). In the course of the tournament, Ling had already refereed the Group match between Hungary and Germany (in which the Hungarians had won 8-3 against the German team of mainly reserve players) and had assisted Arthur Ellis during the Battle of Berne quarter-final. In the final he was assisted by Griffiths and the Italianmarker Vincenzo Orlandini.

The Final

Ling's part in the final, between Hungary and Germany, became slightly controversial because he accepted Griffith's offside flag in the final minutes to deny Ferenc Puskás a 3-3 equalizer which would have sent the game into extra-time.

Observers felt that Puskás was not offside when the ball was passed to him. German radio reporter Herbert Zimmermann had called Puskás offside well before he kicked.

Willy Meisl observed, later, that it appeared that goal keeper Gyula Grosics had struck Ling following the final whistle. Nothing came of this incident and the mood amongst the Hungarians had settled when the trophy was handed to the Germans.

The Miracle of Bern

The final match itself became the subject of a Germanmarker film Miracle of Bern in which the story of the match is told. Joachim Floryszak, a non-League Germanmarker football referee and civil servant, starred as Ling after contacting the director Sönke Wortmann begging to be given a place in the film.




  1. Ling's conversation with policeman at Wembley: Ely City FC website.
  2. 1954 World Cup Statistics: website.

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