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William Thomas Clark (June 29, 1831 – October 12, 1905) was an Americanmarker soldier and politician, serving as a general in the Union army during the American Civil War and as a postbellum U.S. Congressman.

Birth and early years

Clark was born in Norwalk, Connecticutmarker. He became a school teacher and moved in 1854 to New York Citymarker, where he passed the bar exam. After marrying, he moved to Iowamarker and established a legal practice.

Civil War

At the beginning of the Civil War, he became a lieutenant and adjutant of an Iowa infantry regiment. He fought at the battle of Shilohmarker and Corinthmarker. He served as assistant adjutant general in the XVII Corps during the siege of Vicksburgmarker and assistant adjutant general to the Army of the Tennessee during the Atlanta Campaignmarker. He was made a brevet brigadier general for service in the Atlanta Campaign and was assigned to an infantry brigade in the XV Corps during the Carolina's Campaign, but was only lightly engaged in fighting. He rose to the full rank of brigadier general of volunteers (1865), and was made a major general at the close of the same year for gallant and meritorious services during the war.

After the war, he made his home in Galveston, Texasmarker, where he organized the first negro school and befriended negroes at the risk of his life. He founded the First National Bank and was its first cashier, and also served as postmaster. He was a Republican. As a representative from Texasmarker in Congress in 1869-72, he obtained the first appropriation for the harbor of Galveston ($100,000), making possible the completion of the jetties there.

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