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William Wake (26 January 1657 – 24 January 1737), was a priest in the Church of England and Archbishop of Canterbury from 1716 until his death in 1737.

Life

Wake was born in Blandford Forummarker, Dorsetmarker, and educated at Christ Church, Oxfordmarker. He took orders, and in 1682 went to Parismarker as chaplain to the ambassador Richard Graham, Viscount Preston (1648-1695). Here he became acquainted with many of the savants of the capital, and was much interested in French clerical affairs. He also collated some Paris manuscripts of the Greek New Testament for John Fell, bishop of Oxford.

He returned to England in 1685; in 1688 he became preacher at Gray's Innmarker, and in 1689 he received a canonry of Christ Church, Oxfordmarker. In 1693 he was appointed rector of St James's, Westminstermarker. Ten years later he became Dean of Exeter, and in 1705 he was consecrated bishop of Lincoln. He was translated to the see of Canterburymarker in 1716 on the death of Thomas Tenison.

During 1718 he negotiated with leading French churchmen about a projected union of the Gallican and English churches to resist the claims of Rome. In dealing with nonconformity he was tolerant, and even advocated a revision of the Prayer Book if that would allay the scruples of dissenters.

His writings are numerous, the chief being his State of the Church and Clergy of England ... historically deduced (London, 1703). In these writings he produced a massive defence of Anglican Orders and again disproved the Nag's Head Fable by citing a number of documentary sources. He died at his official home, Lambeth Palacemarker.

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