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Williamson County (sometimes abbreviated as "Wilco") is a county located in the U.S. state of Texasmarker. It is part of the Austin-Round Rock metropolitan area. In 2000, the population was 249,967 and by the 2007 Census estimated it had grown to 373,363, a 49.4% increase . Its county seat is Georgetownmarker . The county is named for Robert McAlpin Williamson, a leader and veteran of the Battle of San Jacintomarker.


Williamson County has been growing at a fast rate for several years now because of its location just north of Austinmarker. In fact, parts of Austin's city limits extend into southern Williamson County. Most of the growth has been residential but large companies, such as Dell have become a part of the area.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,135 square miles (2,939 km²), of which, 1,123 square miles (2,908 km²) of it is land and 12 square miles (31 km²) of it (1.05%) is water. Western parts of the county are considered to be within the eastern fringes of Texas Hill Country and offer residents and visitors with rolling, open lands and an abundance of Texas Live Oak, Prickly Pear Cactus and Karst topography. Eastern parts of the county consist of flatter, more fertile lands for agriculture but are quickly being developed as the county's population continues to increase and expand out.

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Adjacent counties

National protected area


As of the census of 2000, there were 249,967 people, 86,766 households, and 66,983 families residing in the county. The population density was 223 people per square mile (86/km²). There were 90,325 housing units at an average density of 80 per square mile (31/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 82.41% White, 5.12% Black or African American, 0.45% Native American, 2.64% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 7.19% from other races, and 2.11% from two or more races. 17.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 17.9% were of German, 9.8% English, 8.8% Americanmarker and 8.1% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 86,766 households out of which 43.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.00% were married couples living together, 9.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.80% were non-families. 17.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.21.

In the county, the population was spread out with 30.00% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 35.60% from 25 to 44, 19.10% from 45 to 64, and 7.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 99.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $60,642, and the median income for a family was $66,208. Males had a median income of $43,471 versus $30,558 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,547. About 3.40% of families and 4.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.40% of those under age 18 and 5.90% of those age 65 or over.


Williamson County is located in Texas's 31st Congressional district which is represented by Republican John Carter.

The 31st District leans strongly Republican and has a Cook PVI of R+14, although Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama made large inroads into the area against John McCain - these inroads did not however, flow through to other races and incumbent Republican Senator John Cornyn continues to perform quite well locally.

Williamson County along with other Texas Counties has one of the nation's highest property tax rates. In 2007, it was ranked #25th in the nation for property taxes as percentage of the homes value on owner occupied housing, the list only includes counties with a population of over 65,000 for accuracy . [13688] link title. It also ranked ranked in the Top 100 for amount of property taxes paid and for percentage of taxes of income.

High property tax rates can reduce a home's value significantly , leading to less resale value and negative equity upon ownership of the home. Part of this is due to the complex Robin Hood plan school financing laws that exist in Texas [13689]

Williamson County flag

The stars on the flag surrounding the state of Texas represent the thirty-three viable communities identified by Clara Stearns Scarbrough in her 1973 book, Land of Good Water. In 1970, these communities ranged in population from twenty people in Norman's Crossing to more than 10,000 residents in Taylor. It is difficult to establish how many communities exist in Williamson County today, because the determination of "community" is subjective and without set criteria. However, in Williamson County in 2004, there were 11 towns with populations of over 1,000 people and seven towns with populations above 5,000.

Courtesy of the Williamson CountyCommissioner's Court


*unincorporated community

Austin is primarily in Travis Countymarker and Thorndale is primarily in Milam Countymarker. Bartlett lies on the line between Williamson and Bellmarker counties. Cedar Park, Leander, and Round Rock extend into Travis County. Jollyvillemarker, Brushy Creekmarker and Serenadamarker are not communities as such but were census-designated places in 2000.


The newspapers that serve Williamson County include the Round Rock Leader, Williamson County Sun, Taylor Daily Press, Hutto News, Hill Country News, Liberty Hill Independent, Tribune-Progress and Community Impact Newspaper.


The following school districts serve Williamson County:


Williamson County is depicted in the Coen Brothers movie "Blood Simple."


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