Wilson Lumpkin (January 14,
1783 – December 28, 1870) was a governor of Georgia, and a United States Representative
Dan River, Virginia, he moved in 1784 to Oglethorpe
County, Georgia with his parents, who settled near Point Peter and
subsequently at Lexington, Georgia. He attended the common schools, and taught
school and farmed; he studied law, and was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Athens, Georgia.
Lumpkin was a member of the Georgia House of
from 1804 to 1812, and was elected as a
Representative to the Fourteenth United States
, serving from March 4, 1815 to March 3, 1817. He was
an unsuccessful candidate for reelection, and was the State Indian
Commissioner. He was elected to the Twentieth, Twenty-first, and
Twenty-second Congresses and served from March 4, 1827, until his
resignation in 1831 before the convening of the Twenty-second
Congress to run for the governorship
; he was also commissioner
on the Georgia-Florida boundary line commission, and was Governor
of Georgia from 1831 to 1835. In 1835, he was appointed
commissioner under the Cherokee treaty in 1835. He was elected to
the U.S. Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of
John P. King
and served from November 22, 1837, to
March 3, 1841; while in the Senate, he was chairman of the
Committee on Manufactures (Twenty-sixth Congress). Lumpkin was a member
of the State board of public works, and died in Athens in 1870;
interment was in Oconee Hill Cemetery.
Lumpkin's grandson, Middleton P.
, also served in the U.S.
Senate. Lumpkin's brother Joseph
was the first chief justice of the Georgia
supreme court. Their nephew John
was a U.S. Representative from Georgia.
Lumpkin's daughter Martha Lumpkin Compton was the honoree of
Atlanta's original name, Marthasville; the story that
"Atlanta" derives from a nickname "Atalanta" for her is not
supported by the historical evidence.