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Winifred Anna Dallas-Yorke, Duchess of Portland, DBE, JP (7 September 1863 – 30 July 1954) was a Britishmarker humanitarian and animal rights activist.


Born at Murthly Castle, Perthshiremarker, she was the daughter of Thomas Yorke Dallas-Yorke and Frances Graham.

She was Mistress of the Robes to HM Queen Alexandra from 1913 until Alexandra's death in 1925. She was the Justice of the Peace for Nottinghamshire.


She married William John Arthur James Cavendish-Bentinck on June 11, 1889.

They had three children:


In 1891 she became the first (and longest serving) president of the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds and was vice-president of the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. She was also president of the ladies committee of the RSPCA.

Social Reformer

In 1889, she persuaded the duke to use a large portion of his horseracing winnings to build almshouses at Welbeck, which he named "The Winnings". She cared greatly for the local miners and supported them by paying for medical treatments, and organising cooking and sewing classes for their daughters.

"In addition to the famous racing stables, where a number of the Duke of Portland's most celebrated horses (including "St. Simon") were to be seen, there is a group of substantially built almshouses, known as "The Winnings," which were erected by the Duke at the request of his wife out of the money won in seven races, viz., the Two Thousand Guineas in 1888 by "Ayrshire," the Derby and St. Leger in 1889 by "Donovan," the Oaks and St. Leger in 1890 by "Memoir," and the One Thousand Guineas in 1890 by "Semolina."


In honor of her support the Nottinghamshire Miners' Welfare Association petitioned the king and she was made a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE).


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