Winster is a former
lead-mining village in the Derbyshire Dales about from Matlock and from Bakewell at an
altitude of approx 250 m. The village, which lies within the
Park, has a large number of listed buildings, including the Market
House open daily as a National Trust information point.
- See also Winster,
current population is about 630; the village has a primary school,
two churches, two pubs, a Post Office and a Village Shop owned by
the community. Winster was mentioned in the Domesday book
in 1086 when it was owned by
Henry de Ferrers
at Bank Top ( ) was opened in
1744. It had a rule that forbade any relief outside of the
workhouse. By the 1770s it could house 40 inmates.
Winster Market House was the National Trust's first property in the
Peak District and was acquired in 1906.
The Winster King and Queen tour with
the Morris men
Winster's Parish Church is the Church of St John The Baptist, and a
week-long annual carnival called Winster Wakes starts on the first
Sunday on or after June 24
(the patronal day
of St John The Baptist). The Main Street is closed briefly on the
Sunday for the Wakes Parade, and for much of the following Saturday
afternoon, when there are stalls and entertainment (including
) in the street.
Death of the Doctor
In May 1821 a young surgeon, William Cuddie was killed in one of
the last duels to take place in England. Cuddie was aged 31 and had
fallen in love with Mary, the daughter of the wealthy Brittlebank
family of Oddo House. For some reason one of her brothers, William
Brittlebank, tried to keep them apart. One evening the two men
quarrelled. The doctor later received a note asking;
“Sir, I expect satisfaction for the insult you dared to offer
me at a time when you knew that my situation with a helpless Woman
prevented my chastising you. Name your time and place, the
bearer will wait for an answer. Yours William Brittlebank,
Junior. I shall be attended by a friend and prepared with
pistols, and if you don’t meet I shall post you as a
Cuddie refused to reply to the letter and the following afternoon
the three Brittlebank brothers turned up in his garden with two
loaded pistols. Cuddie reluctantly accepted one of the weapons.
William Brittlebank walked away, turned and fired. Two shots were
heard but only Cuddie was hit. He died a few hours later.
Two of the Brittlebanks were tried in Derby to be found not guilty
of murder, while their brother William fled to Australia with a
£100 reward on his head, never to return to England.