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Winthrop Sargent Gilman (1808-1884) was head of the banking house of Gilman, Son & Co. in New York City. He was born in Marietta, Ohiomarker to merchant Benjamin Ives Gilman and Hannah (Robbins) Gilman. Benjamin Ives Gilman, born in 1766, was a native of Exeter, New Hampshiremarker, where his ancestors were among the most prominent early settlers and where he graduated in the first class of the Phillips Exeter Academymarker.

In 1837 Winthrop Sargent Gilman let the abolitionist Elijah Parish Lovejoy hide his printing press in one of Gilman's warehouses in Alton, Illinoismarker. In the ensuing riot the angry mob burned Gilman's warehouse to the ground and killed Lovejoy. Following the Alton riots, Gilman moved to New York Citymarker and entered the family banking business. He was married to Abia Swift LippincottGilman, who in 1900 narrowly escaped burning to death from a gasoline torch in front of the Charles Scribner mansion at 12 East Thirty-eighth Street.

Winthrop Gilman had an abiding interest in science and built a private observatory at his home 'Fern Lodge' at the Palisades, New York, where he frequently observed meteors.

Gilman, Son & Co. in New York often acted in conjunction with the interests of the Brown family of Providence, Rhode Islandmarker, founders of Brown Universitymarker. Subsequently, John Nicholas Brown and the Gilman Land Company, an offshoot of the Gilman family banking business, were involved in the development of the Gilman Block in Sioux City, Iowamarker,as well as other real estate properties.

Winthrop Sargent Gilman's sons were Benjamin Ives Gilman, Theodore P. Gilman, and Athur Gilman. Arthur Gilman became a banker with the family firm, then when his health faltered, he retired to his estate 'Glynllyn' in the Berkshires near Lee, Massachusettsmarker, where he became a writer on historical subjects and family history, a philanthropist and the founder of Radcliffe College in Cambridge, Massachusettsmarker.


  1. Ohio's Founding Fathers, Fred J. Milligan, IUniverse, 2003
  2. General Catalogue of Officers and Students, 1783-1903, Phillips Exeter Academy, News-Letter Press, Exeter, 1903
  3. Searches into the History of the Gillman or Gilman Family, Alexander William Gillman, Elliot Stock, London, 1895
  4. The American Journal of Science and Arts, The Meteors of November, 1868, Benjamin Silliman, Tuttle, Morehouse and Taylor, New Haven, Ct., 1869
  5. Genealogy of the Gilman Family in England and America, Arthur Gilman, J. Munsell, Albany, N.Y. 1864
  6. Obituary of Arthur Gilman, founder of Radcliffe College, The New York Times, Dec. 29, 1909

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