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Xu Yongchang
Tokyo Bay, Japan -- Surrender of Japanese aboard USS "Missouri".
General Xu Yongchang ('Hsu Yung-Chang), representing China, signs the instrument of surrender.
General Douglas MacArthur, Allied Supreme Commander, is watching; and an unidentified Chinese representative observes as he stands with his back to the camera.
General Xu Yongchang (1889-1959) ( ; also seen as Hsu Yung-Ch'ang; style name: Cichen) was the Minister of Board of Military Operations of the Republic of Chinamarker between December 22, 1948 and April 22, 1949, and the representative of the Republic of Chinamarker on September 2 1945 at signing of Instrument of Surrender of Japan that ended World War II.

Xu Yongchang graduated from the Beijing Military Institute and later became the General Commander of the 3rd Army under Feng YĆ¼-hsiang and the 20th Route Jin Army under Yen Hsi-shan. He was also the Chairman of Shanximarker province at the time of Mukden Incident, and served in the National Revolutionary Army as the Chief Operations Supreme Staff.

After the Second Sino-Japanese War, he was the president of the Beijing Military Institute and the Minister of Defence. He represented China at the Japanese Instrument of Surrender. He went to Taiwanmarker after the Chinese Civil War, served as a senior advisor to the President Office and a member of Central Review Committee, and died in 1959.

Xu Yongchang's diary was published by the Academia Sinica's Institute of Modern History in 1989.

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