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Names
Family name ( ):
Given name ( ): Zhāngxù
Courtesy names ( ): Yǒusēn,

later Zhìmó


Xu Zhimo ( , January 15, 1897—November 19, 1931) was an early 20th century Chinesemarker poet. He was given the name of Zhangxu (章垿) and the courtesy name of Yousen (槱森). He later changed his courtesy name to Zhimo (志摩).

He is romanticized as pursuing love, freedom, and beauty all his life (from the words of Hu Shi). He promoted the form of modern Chinese poetry, and therefore made tremendous contributions to modern Chinese literature.

To commemorate Xu Zhimo, in July, 2008, a white marble stone has been installed at the back of King's Collegemarker, University of Cambridgemarker, on which is inscribed a verse from Xu's best-known poem, 'Saying Goodbye to Cambridge Again'.

Brief Biography

Xu was born in Haining, Zhejiang and graduated from the famous Hangzhou High School (浙江省杭州高级中学). In 1915, he married Zhang Youyi and next year he went to Peiyang University (Beiyang University, now Tianjin University) to study Law. In 1917, he transferred to Peking University due to the law department of Peiyang University merging into Peking Universitymarker. In 1918, after studying at Peking Universitymarker, he traveled to the United Statesmarker to study history in Clark Universitymarker. Shortly afterwards, he transferred to Columbia University in New Yorkmarker to study economics and politics in 1919. Finding the States "intolerable", he left in 1920 to study at King's College, Cambridgemarker in Englandmarker, where he fell in love with English romantic poetry like that of Keats and Shelley, and was also influenced by the French romantic and symbolist poets, some of whose works he translated into Chinese. In 1922 he went back to Chinamarker and became a leader of the modern poetry movement. In 1923, he founded the Crescent Moon Society.

When the Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore visited China, Xu Zhimo played the part of oral interpreter. Xu's literary ideology was mostly pro-western, and pro-vernacular. He was one of the first Chinese writers to successfully naturalize Western romantic forms into modern Chinese poetry. He worked as an editor and professor at several schools before dying in a plane crash on November 19, 1931 in Jinan, Shandongmarker while flying from Nanjingmarker to Beijing. He left behind four collections of verse and several volumes of translations from various languages.

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