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Yılmaz Güney


Yılmaz Güney, (born: Yılmaz Pütün) (April 1, 1937September 9, 1984) was a Turkish film director, scenarist, novelist and actor of Kurdish descent. Many of his works are devoted to the plight of ordinary, working class people in Turkeymarker. He described himself as an "assimilated Kurd".

Biography

Yilmaz Guney was born in 1931 in the Yenice village of the southern city of Adanamarker, but his identity card was prepared six years later in 1937, that's why his date of birth is commonly known as 1937. His father was a Zaza from Varto and his mother was a Kurd from Siverek, Turkey. Güney studied law and economics at the universities in Ankaramarker and Istanbulmarker, but by the age of 21 he found himself actively involved in film-making. As Yeşilçam, the Turkish studio system, grew in strength, a handful of directors, including Atıf Yılmaz, began to use the cinema as a means of addressing the problems of the people. Mostly, state-sanctioned melodramas, war films and play adaptations had previously played in Turkish theaters, but these new filmmakers began to fill the screens with more artistic, personal and relevant pictures of Turkish/Kurdish life. The most popular name to emerge from the Young Turkish Cinema was Yılmaz Güney. Güney was a gruff-looking young actor who earned the moniker "Çirkin Kral," ("the Ugly King") or (pasha nashrin) in Kurdish. After working as an apprentice screenwriter for and assistant to Atıf Yılmaz, Güney soon began appearing in as many as 20 films a year and became Turkey's most popular actor.

Although the early 1960s brought some political freedom to Turkey, Güney was imprisoned in 1961 for 18 months for publishing a "communist" novel. The country's political situation and Güney's relationship with the authorities only became more tense in the ensuing years. Not content with his star status atop the Turkish film industry, Güney began directing his own pictures in 1965. By 1968 he had formed his own production company, Güney Filmcilik. Over the next few years, the titles of his films mirrored the feelings of the people of Turkey: Umut (Hope, 1970); Ağıt (Elegy, 1972); Acı (Pain, 1971) ; The Hopeless (1971).

After 1972, however, Güney would spend most of his life in prison. Arrested for harboring anarchist students, Güney was jailed during preproduction of Zavallılar (The Miserable, 1975), and before completing Endişe (Worry, 1974), which was finished in 1974 by Güney's assistant, Şerif Gören. This was a cherished role that Gören would repeat over the next dozen years, directing several scripts that Güney wrote laboriously while behind bars.

Released from prison in 1974 as part of a general amnesty, Güney was involved in an incident where he was charged with the murder of Sefa Mutlu, the public prosecutor of Yumurtalıkmarker district in Adana Provincemarker, Turkey and given a prison sentence of 19 years. During this stretch of incarceration, his most successful screenplays were Sürü (The Herd, 1978) and Düşman (The Enemy, 1979), both directed by Zeki Ökten.

"The Herd, in fact, is the history of the Kurdish people, but I could not even use the Kurdish language in this film; if we had used Kurdish, all those who took part in this film would have been sent to jail..." Güney said in his last interview with journalist Chris Kutschera.

After escaping from prison in 1981 and fleeing to Francemarker, Güney won the Palme d'Or at the 1982 Cannes Film Festival for his film Yol, whose director in the field was once again Şerif Gören. It was not until 1983 that Güney resumed directing, telling a brutal tale of imprisoned children in his final film, Duvar (The Wall, 1983), made in France with the cooperation of the French government.

Exile and death

Güney was an active member of the Türkiye Halk Kurtuluş Partisi-Cephesi (THKP-C) (Turkish People's Liberation Party-Front, TPLP-F) organization and was on the run from Turkish police as he was found guilty of shooting a public prosecutor, thus it is believed this is the reason for his exile. Yılmaz Güney died of gastric cancer in 1984, in Paris, Francemarker.

Filmography

Actor

  • Zavallılar (1975)
  • Arkadaş (1974)
  • Endişe (1974)
  • Ağıt (1972)
  • Sahtekar (1972)
  • Baba (1971)
  • Çirkin ve Cesur (1971)
  • İbret (1971)
  • Kaçaklar (1971)
  • Namus ve Silah (1971)
  • Umutsuzlar (1971)
  • Vurguncular (1971)
  • Canlı Hedef (1970)
  • Çifte Yürekli (1970)
  • İmzam Kanla Yazılır (1970)
  • Kanımın Son Damlasına Kadar (1970)
  • Onu Allah Affetsin (1970)
  • Piyade Osman (1970)
  • Sevgili Muhafızım (1970)
  • Şeytan Kayaları (1970)
  • Son Kızgın Adam (1970)
  • Umut (1970)
  • Yedi Belalılar (1970)
  • Zeyno (1970)
  • Aç Kurtlar (1969)
  • Belanın Yedi Türlüsü (1969)
  • Bin Defa Ölürüm (1969)
  • Bir Çirkin Adam (1969)
  • Çifte Tabancalı Kabadayı (1969)
  • Güney Ölüm Saçıyor (1969)
  • Kan Su Gibi Akacak (1969)
  • Kurşunların Kanunu (1969)
  • Aslan Bey(1968)
  • Azrail Benim (1968)
  • Beyoğlu Canavarı (1968)
  • Can Pazarı (1968)


  • Kardeşim Benim (1968)
  • Kargacı Halil (1968)
  • Marmara Hasan (1968)
  • Öldürmek Hakkımdır (1968)
  • Pire Nuri (1968)
  • Seyyit Han (1968)
  • At hırsızı Banus (1967)
  • Balatlı Arif (1967)
  • Bana Kurşun İşlemez (1967)
  • Benim Adım Kerim (1967)
  • Büyük Cellatlar (1967)
  • Çirkin Kral Affetmez (1967)
  • Eşkiya Celladı (1967)
  • İnce Cumali (1967)
  • Kızılırmak-Karakoyun (1967)
  • Kozanoğlu (1967)
  • Kuduz Recep (1967)
  • Kurbanlık Katil (1967)
  • Şeytanın Oğlu (1967)
  • Anası Yiğit Doğurmuş (1966)
  • Arslanların Dönüşü (1966)
  • At Avrat Silah (1966)
  • Bomba Kemal (1966)
  • Çirkin Kral (1966)
  • Esrefpaşalı (1966)
  • Hudutların Kanunu (1966)
  • Kibar Haydut (1966)
  • Kovboy Ali (1966)
  • Silahların Kanunu (1966
  • Tilki Selim (1966)
  • Ve Silahlara Veda (1966)
  • Yedi Dağın Aslanı (1966)
  • Yiğit Yaralı ÖlÜr (1966)
  • Ben Öldükçe Yaşarım (1965)
  • Beyaz Atlı Adam (1965)
  • Dağların Oğlu (1965)
  • Davudo (1965)


  • Gönül Kuşu (1965)
  • Haracıma Dokunma (1965)
  • Kahreden Kurşun (1965)
  • Kan Gövdeyi Götürdü (1965)
  • Kanlı Buğday (1965)
  • Kasımpaşalı (1965)
  • Kasımpaşalı Recep (1965)
  • Konyakçı (1965)
  • Korkusuzlar (1965)
  • Krallar Kralı (1965)
  • Sayılı Kabadayılar (1965)
  • Silaha Yeminliydim (1965)
  • Sokakta Kan Vardı (1965)
  • Tehlikeli Adam (1965)
  • Torpido Yılmaz (1965)
  • Üçünüzü de Mıhlarım (1965)
  • Yaralı Kartal (1965)
  • Halime'den Mektup Var (1964)
  • Her Gün Ölmektense (1964)
  • Kamalı Zeybek (1964)
  • Kara Şahin (1964)
  • Kocaoğlan (1964)
  • Koçero (1964)
  • Mor Defter (1964)
  • On korkusuz Adam (1964)
  • Prangasız Mahkumlar (1964)
  • Zımba Gibi Delikanlı (1964)
  • İkisi de Cesurdu (1963)
  • Dolandırıcılar Şahı (1961)
  • Tatlı Bela (1961)
  • Tütün Zamanı (1959)
  • Alageyik (1958)
  • Bu Vatanın Çocukları (1958)


Director

  • Duvar (1983)
  • Yol (1982)
  • Düşman (1979)
  • Zavallılar (1975)
  • Arkadaş (1974)
  • Endişe (1974)
  • Ağıt (1972)
  • Acı (1971)


  • Baba (1971)
  • İbret (1971)
  • Kaçaklar (1971)
  • Umutsuzlar (1971)
  • Vurguncular (1971)
  • Yarın Son Gündür (1971)
  • Canlı Hedef (1970)
  • Piyade Osman (1970)


  • Umut (1970)
  • Aç Kurtlar (1969)
  • Bir Çirkin Adam (1969)
  • Pire Nuri (1968)
  • Seyyit Han (1968)
  • Bana Kurşun İşlemez (1967)
  • Benim Adım Kerim (1967)
  • At Avrat Silah (1966)


See also



References



External links




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