Y. G. Parameshwara ( ) was a
medical doctor in the state of Karnataka, India.
was the first Indian and only the second person in the world to
become a doctor and practice medicine despite being blind.
Parameshwara was born at Yallambelase in Kadur taluk of
He studied medicine in Karnatak University
but during his final
year at MBBS
he suffered retinal haemorrhage
and lost his
eyesight. He discontinued his studies for some time but was
determined to complete his medical degree despite his vision being
impaired. He succeeded in his venture and obtained an MBBS degree
in 1977. With this, he became the first Indian and
only the second blind doctor in the world; the first one being Dr.
David Heartman of the United States.
On the personal front, he was married to
his wife Prema and had two sons.
After completing his MBBS, he started practicing medicine. In 1979,
he was appointed Health Officer and Assistant Surgeon in the
Department of Health and Family Welfare of the Government of Karnataka
also appointed as the curator of the Pathology museum in Bangalore..
He decided later to devote himself to the
teaching profession and joined the Bangalore Medical College
lecturer in Pharmacology
in 1980, a
profession which he continued till his death.
Awards and recognition
The Ministry of Social Welfare of the Government of India
awarded him in 1984
with a citation that said that the award was for public
recognition of his outstanding performance as the most efficient
employee in the category of visually impaired
. This award was
presented to him by the then President of India
, Giani Zail Singh
. He was felicitated for
his important service to the society by the organisation
Chinnara Koota of Sagar in their
first anniversary celebrations. Speaking in this
function, Dr. Parameshwara indicated his dream of setting up a
novel old-age home in Bangalore with the financial help of the government and other
However, this remained as a
dream because within a week of receiving this award, Dr.
Parameshwara suffered a fatal cardiac
. In order to promote the significant achievement of the
doctor, the members of Chinnara Koota
decided to urge the
Karnataka Pre university
text book committee to include a lesson on the life of
the doctor and the challenges he faced in one of the text books.
They were helped in this venture by B.R. Vijayakumar, the Principal
of the Government PU Women's College of Sagar, who was also a
member of the Text Book Committee. Their efforts were recognised
when a lesson on Dr. Parameshwara was included in the first year
Pre University English Text Book in the year 2005. The first copy
of this text book was presented to his widow Prema by Ramalinga
Reddy, the Minister for Primary and Secondary Education in the