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Dr. Y.
Y. G. Parameshwara ( ) was a medical doctor in the state of Karnatakamarker, Indiamarker. He was the first Indian and only the second person in the world to become a doctor and practice medicine despite being blind.

Early life

Dr. Parameshwara was born at Yallambelase in Kadurmarker taluk of Chikkamagaluru districtmarker. He studied medicine in Karnatak University but during his final year at MBBS he suffered retinal haemorrhage and lost his eyesight. He discontinued his studies for some time but was determined to complete his medical degree despite his vision being impaired. He succeeded in his venture and obtained an MBBS degree in 1977. With this, he became the first Indian and only the second blind doctor in the world; the first one being Dr. David Heartman of the United Statesmarker. On the personal front, he was married to his wife Prema and had two sons.


After completing his MBBS, he started practicing medicine. In 1979, he was appointed Health Officer and Assistant Surgeon in the Department of Health and Family Welfare of the Government of Karnataka. He was also appointed as the curator of the Pathology museum in Bangaloremarker.. He decided later to devote himself to the teaching profession and joined the Bangalore Medical College as a lecturer in Pharmacology in 1980, a profession which he continued till his death.

Awards and recognition

The Ministry of Social Welfare of the Government of India awarded him in 1984 with a citation that said that the award was for public recognition of his outstanding performance as the most efficient employee in the category of visually impaired. This award was presented to him by the then President of India, Giani Zail Singh. He was felicitated for his important service to the society by the organisation Chinnara Koota of Sagarmarker in their first anniversary celebrations. Speaking in this function, Dr. Parameshwara indicated his dream of setting up a novel old-age home in Bangaloremarker with the financial help of the government and other non-governmental organisations. However, this remained as a dream because within a week of receiving this award, Dr. Parameshwara suffered a fatal cardiac arrest. In order to promote the significant achievement of the doctor, the members of Chinnara Koota decided to urge the Karnataka Pre university course text book committee to include a lesson on the life of the doctor and the challenges he faced in one of the text books. They were helped in this venture by B.R. Vijayakumar, the Principal of the Government PU Women's College of Sagar, who was also a member of the Text Book Committee. Their efforts were recognised when a lesson on Dr. Parameshwara was included in the first year Pre University English Text Book in the year 2005. The first copy of this text book was presented to his widow Prema by Ramalinga Reddy, the Minister for Primary and Secondary Education in the Government of Karnataka.


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