House of Leo Tolstoy in Yasnaya
Yasnaya Polyana ( ,
literally: "Clear Glade") was the home of Leo Tolstoy, located 12 kilometers southwest of
writer was born, lived and was buried there.
Immediately after Tolstoy's death, the estate was designated his
memorial museum. It was at first run by Alexandra Tolstaya
, the writer's
daughter. The current director of the museum is also one of
Tolstoy's descendants. The museum contains Tolstoy's personal
effects and movables, as well as his library of 22,000 volumes. It
was there that Tolstoy wrote his celebrated novels War and Peace
and Anna Karenina
The museum contains the writer's mansion, the school he founded for
peasant children, and a park with Tolstoy's unadorned grave. During
World War II
the estate was occupied by
the Germans, but the most precious items had been evacuated by the
Soviet government prior to that.Contrary to Soviet propaganda the
German soldiers did not destroy the museum, although they did use
it as a military hospital.
Following the war the estate and mansion were restored to exactly
how they were when Tolstoy lived there, and Yasnaya Polyana remains
a hugely popular tourist attraction within Russia.
- "They destroyed the estate and museum of Leo Tolstoy, "Yasnaya
Polyana" and desecrated the grave of the great Writer", said
H. Jackson during the Nuremberg trials (see "The Case Against the
Nazi War Criminals: Opening Statement for the United States of
America", A.A. Knopf, 1946, page 164).
- Anton Sterzl - Das Tolstoi-Haus, 1992, Langen Müller in der
F.A. Herbig Verlagsbuchhandlung GmbH München, Germany