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The Yellow Sea is the name given to the northern part of the East China Seamarker, which is a marginal sea of the Pacific Oceanmarker. It is located between mainland China and the Korean peninsula. Its name comes from the sand particles from Gobi Desert sand storms that turn the surface of the water golden yellow during sunset and can be seen while sailing or flying west.

The innermost bay of the Yellow Sea is called the Bohai Sea (previously Pechihli Bay or Chihli Bay). Into it flow both the Yellow Rivermarker (through Shandongmarker province and its capital Jinanmarker) and Hai Hemarker (through Beijing and Tianjinmarker).

The Yellow Sea is one of four seas named in English after common color terms — the others being the Black Seamarker, the Red Seamarker and the White Seamarker.

Environment

The intertidal mudflats of the Yellow Sea are of great importance for migratory waders or shorebirds. Surveys show that the area is the single most important site for migratory birds on northward migration in the entire East Asian - Australasian Flyway, with a minimum number of two million birds passing through at the time, with about half that number using it on southward migration.The yellow sea is about 106 meters deep at its deepest.

See also



References

  1. Barter, M.A. (2002). Shorebirds of the Yellow Sea - importance, threats and conservation status. Wetlands International Global Series 9. International Wader Studies 12. Canberra.
  2. Barter, M.A. (2005). Yellow Sea - driven priorities for Australian shorebird researchers. pp.158-160 in: "Status and Conservation of Shorebirds in the East Asian - Australasian Flyway". Proceedings of the Australasian Shorebird Conference, 13-15 December 2003, Canberra, Australia. International Wader Studies 17.. Sydney.


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