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The Yellowhead Highway is a major east-west highway connecting the four western Canadianmarker provinces of British Columbiamarker, Albertamarker, Saskatchewanmarker, and Manitobamarker. Although part of the Trans-Canada Highway system, the highway should not be confused with the more southerly originally designated Trans-Canada Highway. The highway was officially opened in 1970. In the 1980s the green and white Trans-Canada logo began to be used to designate the roadway .

The main Yellowhead Highway has been designated as Highway 16 for its entire length since 1977. Prior to this, only the Alberta and British Columbia portions of the highway were designated with this number. The Manitoba portion from the Trans Canada Highway 10 km west of Portage la Prairiemarker to the Saskatchewanmarker border was designated as Highway 4, while the Saskatchewan portion (which was redesignated as Highway 16 in 1976) had two numbers designated. From the Manitoba border to Saskatoonmarker, the highway was designated as Highway 14. The portion from Saskatoon to Lloydminstermarker and the Alberta border was designated as Highway 5.

The highway is named for the Yellowhead Passmarker, the route chosen to cross the Canadian Rockies.

In the west, the highway begins at Masset, British Columbiamarker in the Queen Charlotte Islandsmarker, heading south along Graham Islandmarker for 101 km to Skidegatemarker. It then connects via a 172 km-long ferry route to Prince Rupertmarker, then passes southeastward for 724 km through to Prince Georgemarker, then goes another 268 km through to Tête Jaune Cache, enters Albertamarker through the Rocky Mountains near Jaspermarker (100 km from Tête Jaune Cache), and passes through Edmontonmarker another 366 km later, and Saskatoonmarker 532 km later, before meeting the main Trans-Canada Highway 1 near Portage la Prairiemarker, Manitobamarker, 697 km from Saskatoon. It then overlaps the TCH into Winnipegmarker. Officially, the eastern end of the Yellowhead Highway is at the corner of Portage Avenue and Main Street in Winnipeg. The total length of the Yellowhead Highway, including ferries, is 2,960 km.

The highest point on the highway, at 1152.3 m, is Obed Summit near Obed, Albertamarker.

A spur of the Yellowhead Highway, Highway 5, also known as the Southern Yellowhead Highway, connects the main highway at Tête Jaune Cache, British Columbia midway between the Alberta-British Columbia border and Prince Georgemarker. The highway continues past Kamloopsmarker before following the Coquihalla Highway to Hopemarker.

The Yellowhead Highway Association has been lobbying to continue the Southern Yellowhead Highway designation past Hopemarker to Abbotsfordmarker. This would cause the segment of the Trans Canada Highway between Hope and Abbotsford to have a dual designation.
Yellowhead Highway sign

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