Yellowstone to Yukon Conservation Initiative or
Y2Y is a joint Canada-US charitable
organization that seeks to preserve and maintain the wildlife,
native plants, wilderness and natural process of the
mountain ecosystem from Yellowstone National Park to the Yukon.
works with local communities, through education
programs, to encourage conservation
of the area.Y2Y takes a
scientific approach to conservation and has been named by the
Conservation Union as one of the planet’s leading mountain
People working together to maintain and restore the unique natural
heritage of the Yellowstone to Yukon region.
Y2Y connects and supports a network of organizations, agencies, and
individuals doing on-the-ground conservation work in the region.
Y2Y facilitates collaboration among those groups to advance an
integrated conservation agenda for the entire region.
In 2008, Y2Y provided 13 grants totaling $38,000 to organizations
in support of their conservation efforts within the Yellowstone to
In 1993, Harvey Locke
, a lawyer and
environmentalist, had an idea for a vast wildlife corridor
mountain ranges from Yellowstone National Park to the Yukon. Locke,
along with other concerned individuals, wanted to link protected
wildlife areas to each other so that wildlife species – especially
wide ranging mammals like grizzly
– could move safely between them.
Y2Y was officially established in 1997 by conservationists and
scientists. Today, Y2Y has two offices located in
Alberta and Bozeman, Montana.
- Wildlife Corridors
- Ensuring wildlife have safe migration pathways to move through the
lands adjacent to and between protected areas such as national parks.
- Grizzly Bear Conservation Strategy
- This is the most extensive, large-landscape grizzly bear
conservation effort in the world. The goal of the strategy is to
make sure that grizzly bears have adequate core habitats to sustain
viable populations, and that bears – and other wide-ranging
wildlife – can move safely between core habitats.
- Avian Conservation Strategy
- The Y2Y region is a critical migratory pathway for birds. 275
species of birds spend all or part of their life cycle in the Y2Y
region. This strategy, which is currently being finalized, uses 20
focal species to represent the needs of 109 species of
- Aquatic Conservation Strategy
- Nearly 40 percent of fish species in North American streams,
rivers and lakes are now in jeopardy, according to the most
detailed evaluation of the conservation status of freshwater fishes
in the last 20 years. Y2Y is in the process of establishing a
watershed-based approach to conserving the river ecosystems and
fishes of the Y2Y region.
One of the most significant challenges to conservation is the
region’s vast scale. The Y2Y region traverses two countries, five
, two Canadian provinces
, two Canadian territories
, the reservation
or traditional lands of over 30 Native governments, and a number of
government land agencies. In addition, there are social, economic,
historical and cultural differences between the many human
communities within or near to the region.
Other challenges for conservation in the region include human
, negative human-wildlife interactions, climate change
, and transportation (roads and
- IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas Mountains Biome
Theme Newsletter, edited by Dr. Larry Hamilton.