Yingkou ( ) is a prefecture-level city of Liaoning province, in
is a port city of the Bohai Sea
. The Liao
river (Liao He
) goes to the sea at
Yingkou.The city has a total area of 5,402 square kilometers, and a
population of 2.24 million.
Yingkou was formerly known as Newchwang
: Ishangga gašan hoton) - one
of the Treaty Ports
under the Treaties of Tianjin
1858. In fact the town of Newchwang was about thirty miles upstream
of Liao He
. After the treaty had been
signed, the British found that the river near Newchwang was too
shallow for their ships. Instead, the treaty port was moved to the
area nearer to the river mouth where today's Yingkou is
Yingkou prefecture is subdivided into 4 districts and 2
Coastal Base Project
In late 2005, the Party Secretary of the Liaoning Provincial
Committee of the Communist Party of China, Li Keqiang, initiated
the "Five Points, One Line" strategy to develop the entire Liaoning
coastline, and in particular focusing on the "five points" of the
Changxing Island Harbor Industrial Zone in Dalian; Yingkou Coastal
Industrial Base; Liaoxi Jinzhou Bay Coastal Economic Zone; Dandong,
and the Zhuanghe Huayuankou Industrial Zone.
As a result, Yingkou city is currently undergoing substantial
expansion. From its current urban area of 54 square kilometres,
Phase One of the Coastal Base project is under way and is adding a
further 44 square kilometers of industrial and urban areas to
Yingkou. Phase Two (planned to start in 2010) will add a further
massive 157 square kilometres.
The land being used is largely marshland and reclaimed from the
sea: in particular, it is largely unoccupied. As a result, the
social and fiscal costs of development are less than are usual for
Chinese urban and industrial development.
The Yingkou port area is also being very substantially increased in
size, in the Bayuquan and Xianren harbours.
Partnership town and ports