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Yoon Bong-Gil (21 June 1908, Yesanmarker, Korea - 19 December 1932 Kanazawa, Japan) was a Korean independence activist and assassin who worked against Japan during Japan's rule over Korea (1910 - 1945). Yoon participated in an assassination attempt of several Japanese leaders.

On 29 April, 1932, he carried out a bombing attack using a bomb disguised as a water bottle at a Japanese army celebration of Emperor Hirohito's birthday in Shanghai. The bombing killed Yoshinori Shirakawa, a general of the Imperial Japanese Army, and , a Government Chancellor of Japanese residents in Shanghai. It also seriously injured Kenkichi Ueda, Division 9 commander of the Japanese Imperial Army, , Japanese Consul-General in Shanghai, and Shigemitsu Mamoru, Japanese Envoy in Shanghai.

Yoon was arrested at the scene and convicted by the Japanese military court in Shanghai on 25 May. He was transferred to Osaka prison on 18 November, and executed in Kanazawa on 18 December. He was buried in Nodayama graveyard.

In May 1946, his remains were excavated by Korean residents in Japan, transferred to Seoulmarker and given funeral rites. He was then reburied in the Korean National Cemetery. In 1962, the government of South Korea's Second Republic praised his bombing attack, and posthumously bestowed the Republic of Korea Cordon (Grand Cordon) of the Order of Liberation Merit on him.

Chiang Kai-shek quoted "A young Korean patriot has accomplished something tens of thousands of Chinese soldiers could not do."

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