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Yorba Linda is an affluent suburban community in northeastern Orange Countymarker, Californiamarker, approximately northeast of Downtown Santa Anamarker, and southeast of Downtown Los Angelesmarker.

As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 58,918. However, more recent development in eastern outskirts and northern hills of Yorba Linda has increased the population to nearly 71,000. One of Yorba Linda's most famous residents was the late former President Richard Nixon, who was born and raised in the city. The Richard Nixon Presidential Library and Museummarker is located in Yorba Linda. The city is noted for its park-like setting.

In 2005 CNN ranked Yorba Linda 21st among the best places in the U.S.marker to live . Similarly, in an article by CNN Money, Yorba Linda was one of the richest U.S. cities and the highest in Orange County as reported by the Census data, showing median household income of over $120K: "Among towns of between 65,000 and 250,000 in population, Yorba Linda, California, where six-figure incomes are the rule, had the highest median income at $121,075"

History

Yorba Linda, 1920.
This area was the home of the Luiseno, Tongva, and Juaneño Indians.

In 1834 Bernardo Yorba, son of Jose Antonio Yorba, was granted the Rancho Cañón de Santa Anamarker by Mexican governor José Figueroa. Most of this original land was retained after the Mexican American war in 1848, by descendents of the original Yorba family. The cities original name derives from the daughter of Bernardo Yorba, Ramona Yorba. Ramona was married to Don Benito Wilson or Benjamin Davis Wilson a pioneer of Southern California, and the second Mayor of the city of Los Angeles. Benjamin Wilson (of mount Wilson) inherited the land as a wedding gift from Bernardo Yorba and later founded and named the city in remembrance of his late wife, Ramona. A portion of the city's land is still owned and developed by descendents of Samuel Kraemer, who acquired it through his marriage to Angelina Yorba,the great granddaughter of Bernardo Yorba. The Yorba family still owns portions of Yorba Linda, and there is still the Yorba Ranch on the side of a major freeway. The site of the Bernardo Yorba Hacienda is listed as a California Historical Landmark.

A section of the land was sold to the Janss Investment Company in 1907, and it proceeded to subdivide the land and sell it for agriculture and manufacturing. It was connected to Los Angelesmarker by the Pacific Electric Railroad. The small town turned into a growing city in the 1960s and after a failed annexation bid by Anaheim in 1963, Yorba Linda incorporated in 1967.

In November of 2008, eastern Yorba Linda suffered from fires that destroyed 113 homes and damaged 50 others. The destruction was due largely to erratic winds causing embers to fly up to half a mile away. William Lockhart, captain of the Orange County Fire Authoritymarker, reported that water pressure is good when fighting a single family home fire, but during a profound firestorm, as was the case in this event, perfect pressure from every single hydrant at the same time is not possible.

Geography

Yorba Linda is located at (33.886014, -117.789089) .

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 51.4 km² (19.9 mi²). 50.2 km² (19.4 mi²) of it is land and 1.3 km² (0.5 mi²) of it (2.47%) is water.

It is bordered by Anaheimmarker on the south, Placentiamarker on the west and southwest, Breamarker on the northwest, Chino Hills State Parkmarker on the north, and Chino Hillsmarker in San Bernadino Countymarker on the east.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 58,918 people, 19,252 households, and 16,094 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,174.4/km² (3,042.3/mi²). There were 19,567 housing units at an average density of 390.0/km² (1,010.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 74.80% White, 1.17% African American, 0.37% Native American, 11.10% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 2.70% from other races, and 3.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.26% of the population.[15982]

There were 19,252 households out of which 44.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.3% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.4% were non-families. 12.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.05 and the average family size was 3.35.

In the city the population was spread out with 29.3% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 7.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.1 males.

According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $109,681, and the median income for a family was $122,373. Males had a median income of $66,712 versus $41,820 for females. The per capita income for the city was $36,173. About 2.5% of families and 3.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.9% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.

Government services

Local

The Yorba Linda City Council consists of five members elected by the city residents to four-year terms (three term maximum). A city manager is hired by the council to run day-to-day operations of the city. The council annually elects one member to serve as mayor, who presides over council meetings and is the city's public representative.

Management of the city and coordination of city services is provided by:
Office Officeholder
City Manager William R. "Bill" Kelly
Community Development Director Steve Harris
Finance Director / Treasurer Susan L. Hartman, CPA
Library Director Melinda Steep
Fire Chief, Orange County Fire Authority Chip Prather
Parks & Recreation Director Susan Leto
Police Chief, Brea Police Department Billy L. Hutchinson
Public Works Director/City Engineer Mark L. Stowell


Public safety

Law enforcement is contracted out to the Brea Police Department. In the past, Yorba Linda has been rated one of the safest cities in the United States.

Fire services are provided by the Orange County Fire Authoritymarker with three stations located within city limits.

Utilities

The Yorba Linda Water District is based within the city and provides water services to Yorba Linda and surrounding cities.

State and Federal

In the state legislature Yorba Linda is located in the 29th Senate District, represented by Republican Bob Huff, and in the 72nd Assembly District, represented by Republican Michael D. Duvall. Federally, Yorba Linda is located in California's 42nd congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +10 and is represented by Republican Gary Miller.

Education

Yorba Linda is part of the Placentia-Yorba Linda Unified School District. This district is home to nearly 28,000 students .

Several schools in the district have received the California Distinguished School award, which is given to schools with qualifying marks in test scores, application, and visitation.

The schools in the PLYUSD are:

Elementary:

Brookhaven,Fairmont,Glenknoll,Golden,Mabel Paine,Morse,Rio Vista,Ruby Drive,Topaz,Tynes,Wagner,Bryant Ranch,George Key,Glenview,Lakeview,Linda Vista,Melrose,Rose Drive,Sierra Vista,Travis Ranch,Van Buren,Woodsboro.

Middle:

Bernardo Yorba,Travis Ranch,Yorba Linda,Kraemer,Valadez,Tuffree.

High school:

El Camino Real,Esperanza High,Parkview Home School ,El Dorado High,La Entrada,Valencia High School ,Yorba Linda High Schoolmarker.

St. Francis of Assisi School serves as the only Catholic school in the city. Many parents seeking a private school education for their children send their high schoolers to nearby Lutheran High School of Orange County in the city of Orangemarker, Servite High Schoolmarker (boys) or Rosary High Schoolmarker (girls) in Anaheim, or Mater Dei High Schoolmarker (co-ed) in Santa Anamarker.

The brand-new Yorba Linda High Schoolmarker, home of the Mustangs, started instruction in Fall 2009, in addition to one private high school also planned for construction in 2009. Historically, many Yorba Linda students also attended Troy High School in nearby Fullertonmarker, Valencia High School in neighboring Placentiamarker, or El Dorado High School, also located in Placentia.

There are two Montessori Preschools in Yorba Linda:Montessori Academy of Yorba Linda and IvyCrest Montessori Private School.

Notable natives and residents

Current or former Yorba Lindans of note include:



See also



References

  1. The Richest (and Poorest) Places in the U.S.
  2. Yorba Linda 2007 Income Estimates
  3. City of Yorba Linda website Retrieved 2009-06-03


External links




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