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York County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvaniamarker. As of 2004, the estimated population was 401,613. York County is located in the Susquehanna Valley, a large fertile agricultural region in South Central Pennsylvania.

York County was created on August 19, 1749, from part of Lancaster Countymarker and named either for the Duke of York, an early patron of the Penn family, or for the city and shire of York in England. Its county seat is the city of Yorkmarker.

Based on the Articles of Confederation having been adopted in York by the Second Continental Congress on November 15, 1777, the local government and business community began referring to York in the 1960s as the first capital of the United States of America. The designation has been debated by historians ever since. Congress considered York, and the borough of Wrightsvillemarker, located on the eastern side of York County along the Susquehanna River, as a permanent capital of the United States before Washington, D.C. was selected.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 910 square miles (2,358 km²), of which, 904 square miles (2,343 km²) of it is land and 6 square miles (15 km²) of it (0.64%) is water. The county is bound to its eastern border by the Susquehanna River. Its southern border is the Mason-Dixon Linemarker, which separates Pennsylvania and Marylandmarker.

Adjacent counties


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As of the census of 2000, there were 381,751 people, 148,219 households, and 105,531 families residing in the county. The population density was 422 people per square mile (163/km²). There were 156,720 housing units at an average density of 173 per square mile (67/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.76% White, 3.69% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.86% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.39% from other races, and 1.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.96% of the population. 42.0% were of German, 12.6% Americanmarker, 7.7% Irish, 6.4% English and 5.1% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.8% spoke English and 2.9% Spanish as their first language.

There were 148,219 households out of which 32.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.30% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.80% were non-families. 23.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.80 males.

The York-Hanover Metropolitan Statistical Area is the fastest-growing metro area in the Northeast region, and is ranked nationally among the fastest-growing in the nation, according to the "2006 Population Estimates for Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas" (U.S. Census Bureau). The estimates listed York-Hanover as the 95th fastest-growing metro area in the nation, increasing 9.1 percent between 2000 and 2006.

York County is home to Martin's Potato Chips in Thomasvillemarker, Utz Quality Foods, Inc. in Hanovermarker, Snyder's of Hanover in Hanovermarker, Gibble's Potato Chips in Yorkmarker, Wolfgang Candy in Yorkmarker, The Bon-Ton in Yorkmarker, Dentsply in Yorkmarker, and a major manufacturing branch of Harley-Davidson Motor Company.

Politics and government

As of November 2008, there are 299,414 registered voters in York County [13792].

County commissioners

  • M. Steve Chronister, Chairman, Republican
  • Christopher B. Reilly, Vice-chairman, Republican
  • Doug Hoke, Democrat

Other county offices

  • Clerk of Courts, Don O'Shell, Republican
  • Controller, Robb Green, Republican
  • Coroner, Barry Bloss, Republican
  • District Attorney, H. Stanley Rebert, Republican
  • Prothonotary, Pamela S. Lee, Republican
  • Recorder of Deeds, Randy Reisinger, Republican
  • Register of Wills, Bradley C. Jacobs, Republican
  • Sheriff, Richard P. Keuerleber III, Republican
  • Treasurer, Barbara Bair, Republican

Pennsylvania State Senate

District Senator Party
13 Gibson E. Armstrong Republican
15 Jeffrey Piccola Republican
28 Mike Waugh Republican
31 Patricia H. Vance Republican
33 Richard Alloway Republican

Pennsylvania House of Representatives

District Representative Party
47 Keith J. Gillespie Republican
92 Scott Perry Republican
93 Ronald E. Miller Republican
94 Stanley E. Saylor Republican
95 Eugene A. DePasquale Democrat
193 Steven R. Nickol Republican
196 Seth Grove Republican

United States House of Representatives

District Representative Party
19 Todd Platts Republican

United States Senate

Senator Party
Arlen Specter Democrat
Bob Casey Democrat

Municipalities in York County

Map of York County, Pennsylvania with Municipal Labels showing Cities and Boroughs (red), Townships (white), and Census-designated places (blue).
Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following cities, boroughs and townships are located in York County:




Census-designated places

Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.


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Public School Districts

Notable residents

See also


External links

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