York railway station is a
main-line railway station in the
historic city of York, England.
It lies on
the East Coast Main Line (ECML)
north of London's King's Cross
station towards Edinburgh's Waverley Station.
- This article is about a railway station in England.
the similarly named subway station in Brooklyn, New York City, see York Street .
Originally it was part of the North Eastern Railway
York is one of the most important railway junction stations on the
British railway network, marking the approximate half way point on
the ECML between London and Edinburgh; it is also the point where
the southbound Leeds branch of ECML diverges (and thereon to the
Cross Country Route
); as well as
being a terminus for some east-west Trans-Pennine routes. The
junction was historically a major site for rolling stock
manufacture, maintenance and repair.
York railway station was a temporary building on Queen Street
outside the walls of the city,
opened in 1839 by the York and North Midland
Railway, and was the terminus of the original trunk route for
trains to London, via
Derby and Birmingham.
A second station, inside the walls, was
built by George Townsend
in 1840 and opened on 4 January 1841. This station
closed in 1877 when the present station opened but remained in use
for a further 88 years as carriage storage space. Andrews also
designed the neo-Tudor arch where the walls were breached and the
hotel across the head of the lines, completed in 1853. This station
was the first to incorporate a hotel in its structure. The hotel
and flanking departure and arrival buildings, now used as offices,
still stand (on Toft Green/Tanner Row), although the train-shed was
largely demolished in 1965.
It was replaced by the present station, designed by the North Eastern Railway
Thomas Prosser and William Peachey. On completion in 1877, it had
13 platforms and was the largest in the world.
In 1909 new platforms were added, and in 1938 the current
footbridge was built and the station resignalled. The building was
damaged during the Second World War
and extensively repaired in 1947. The track layout through and
around the station was remodelled again in 1988 as part of the
resignalling scheme that was carried out prior to the electrification
of the ECML shortly
afterwards. This resulted in several bay platforms (mainly on the
eastern side) being taken out of service and the track to them
removed. At the same time a new signalling centre (York IECC
) was commissioned
on the western side of the station to control the new layout and
also take over the function of several other signal boxes on the
main line. The IECC here now supervises the main line from Temple
Hirst (near Doncaster) through to , along with sections of the
various routes branching from it. It has also (since 2001–2) taken
over responsibility for the control area of the former power box at
and thus signals trains as far away as and .
In 2006–7, the approaches to the station were reorganised in order
to improve facilities for bus, taxi and car users as well as
pedestrians and cyclists. The former motive power depot and goods
station now house the National Railway Museum.
All the platforms except 9/10/11 are under the large, curved, glass
and iron roof. They are accessed via a long footbridge
(which also connects to the National Railway Museum) or via lifts and either of two pedestrian
Measures are now underway to completely renovate the station.This
has already started with the reconstruction of Platform 9 (now
Phase 2 will continue in 2009 with a new first class lounge to be
built and extensive lighting alterations. New automated Leeds
Station style ticket gates were planned, but first rejected by City
of York council to try and keep the historic nature of the station
intact. The then operator National Express East Coast planned to
appeal the decision but the plans were scrapped altogether upon
handover to East Coast.
The platforms at York have been renumbered several times, the
current use is:
- Platform 1: South-facing bay platform mostly used for services to
Hull and for stabling empty stock.
- Platform 2: North-facing bay platform connected only to the Scarborough branch, used mostly for stabling a spare TPX unit
(along with the accompanying station siding).
- Platform 3: Main southbound platform (but is signalled
bi-directionally), accessible directly from the station concourse.
Most southbound East Coast or CrossCountry services and some Westbound First
Trans-Pennine Express services use this.
- Platform 4: Northward continuation of
platform 3 connected only to the Scarborough branch, used by most First Trans-Pennine Express
services from Scarborough.
- Platform 5: Main northbound platform (but is signalled
bi-directionally), accessible by footbridge or tunnel. Most
Coast or CrossCountry services and
some North/Eastbound First Trans-Pennine Express services use
- Platform 6: South-facing bay platform used mostly by Northern Rail commuter services, and sometimes
by East Midlands Trains
services to London
- Platform 7: South-facing bay
platform used mostly by Northern
Rail commuter services.
- Platform 8: North-facing bay
platform used almost exclusively by Northern Rail trains on the Harrogate Line.
- Platforms 9, 10, 11: Bidirectional platforms used by East Coast, Cross-Country and First TransPennine Express
Platforms 10 and 11 exist outside the main body of the station.
Another siding (the former fruit dock
) exists opposite
The arched roof over the
Replica zero post for the companies
that used York station before Grouping.
The station is operated by East Coast
on behalf of
, and provides services to:
- Doncaster, Retford, Grantham, Newark, Peterborough, Stevenage, London and other
stations on the ECML south
- Darlington, Durham, Newcastle
upon Tyne, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Aberdeen, Inverness and other stations on the ECML north
- Leeds, Sheffield, Derby, Birmingham, Bristol via CrossCountry
services on to Exeter and Plymouth
- Harrogate and Knaresborough (going on to Leeds) on the Harrogate Line
- Liverpool, Manchester Piccadilly and Manchester Airport to the west and Middlesbrough to the north via First TransPennine Express
- Hartlepool, Eaglescliffe and Sunderland via Grand Central
- Bradford, Halifax, Hebden
Bridge and stations to Preston and Blackpool or Manchester Victoria by Northern Rail's
- Leicester, Kettering, Bedford, Luton and other
stations on the Midland Main Line
served by East Midlands Trains
- Hull on the Hull to York
Line (One train continues to Bridlington), Selby, and
Scarborough on the North
TransPennine Line to the east.
The station is used by the following TOCs