Yorktown is a census-designated place (CDP) in
County, Virginia, United States.
The population was 220 at the 2000 census.
It is the county seat
of York County ,
one of the 8 original shires formed in colonial Virginia in
It is most famous as the site of the surrender of General Cornwallis
to General George Washington
in 1781. Although the
war would last for another year, this British defeat at Yorktown
did effectively end the American Revolutionary War
Yorktown also figured prominently in the American Civil War
as a major port to supply both northern and southern towns,
depending upon who held Yorktown at the time.
Yorktown is part of an important national resource known as the
Historic Triangle of Yorktown,
Jamestown and Williamsburg, and is the eastern terminus of the Colonial
Yorktown is also the eastern terminus of
the TransAmerica Trail, a bicycle
route created by the Adventure Cycling
named for York, a city in
Northern England, was founded in 1691 as a port for shipping
tobacco to Europe.
It was called "York" until after the
American Revolutionary War, when the name "Yorktown" came into
The town reached the height of its success around 1750 when it had
250 to 300 buildings and a population of almost 2,000 people.
It was the
base of British General Charles
Cornwallis during the 1781 siege, which was the last major battle of
the American Revolutionary
Nine buildings, including the circa-1730 Nelson House
, still survive from this period,
as well as many of the earthworks
dug by the besieging
American and French forces. The Yorktown
Victory Monument – commemorating the victory, the alliance with
France that brought it about and the resulting peace with England –
is located just outside the current town. A memorial to the French
war dead of the Yorktown campaign is being planned for construction
at the French cemetery on the site of the battle.
During the 1862 Peninsula
of the American Civil
(1861–1865), Yorktown was captured from the Confederacy and
then used as the base for the Union Army of the Potomac
George B. McClellan
Yorktown is situated along the York River
in southeastern Virginia. Yorktown has several distinct areas.
Village or Historic Yorktown is set on the York
River, near the George P.
Coleman Memorial Bridge
that spans said river to reach Gloucester Point.
Historic Yorktown is comprised first of a
small strip along the beach of the York River, Water Street, which
contains several small restaurants, a park, a hotel, a pier, and as
of May 2005 completed a building project that has small shops and
restaurants. Next, Main Street sits above Water Street on a bluff,
around which the architecture is almost exclusively original. The
old court house, several small shops, the Nelson House
, and the Yorktown Monument all sit
along this road. Around the center of the town are residential
streets. Also, architecturally of note is Grace Episcopal Church
, situated on
Church Street near the old courthouse of Yorktown. Shops and
eateries making up the "Riverwalk" section on the waterfront opened
in May 2005. Colonial National Historical
Park, which contains Yorktown
National Battlefield and Yorktown National Cemetery, is located on the outskirts of the town.
President's Park is a new attraction displaying large outdoor
statues of the heads of each American President accompanied by
U.S. Route 17
, also known as George
Washington Memorial Highway, is the primary thoroughfare of
Yorktown, and cuts past Yorktown by way of the George P. Coleman Memorial Bridge
across the York River. York County has grown rapidly, and over
recent years, the stretch of U.S. 17 that passes through the area
has grown from semi-rural highway going through mostly wooded areas
to a heavily traveled route on which numerous strip malls and
commercial areas are situated. Many of the residential areas of
York County branch off of Route 17 or are near Interstate 64.
little of the recent growth of York County has occurred close to
Yorktown, which at this point is becoming much more of a historical
colonial village, much like Williamsburg, under the guidance of the National Park Service.
Geography makes Yorktown a strategic place in control of upstream
portions of the York River and its tributaries and their access to
the Chesapeake Bay
. In his Notes
on the State of Virginia
published in 1781–82, Thomas Jefferson
noted that the York River
at Yorktown "affords the best harbour in the state for vessels of
the largest size. The river there narrows to the width of a mile,
and is contained within very high banks, close under which the
vessels may ride." During World War I
the western shore above Yorktown became a location of choice for
the U.S. Navy, as about 13,000 acres, which straddled
York, Warwick County and
County were appropriated to create what was originally
termed a "naval mine depot".
The Navy continues to use it 90
The Somerwell House on Main
Many military installations are located in the area around Yorktown
As of the census
of 2000, there were 203
people, 117 households, and 45 families residing in the CDP. The
people per square mile (122.5/km2
). There were 129
housing units at an average density of 200.1/sq mi
). The racial makeup of the CDP was 92.12%
, 5.91% Black
or African American
, and 0.10% from two or
There were 117 households out of which 8.5% had children under the
age of 18 living with them, 32.5% were married
living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no
husband present, and 60.7% were non-families. 53.8% of all
households were made up of individuals and 16.2% had someone living
alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size
was 1.74 and the average family size was 2.63.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 9.4% under the age of
18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 32.5% from 45 to 64,
and 23.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48
years. For every 100 females there were 93.3 males. For every 100
females age 18 and over, there were 85.9 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $30,804, and the
median income for a family was $74,000. Males had a median income
of $26,964 versus $16,923 for females. The per capita income
for the CDP was $24,748.
0% of the population or families were below the poverty line
Yorktown's daily newspaper is the Daily
. Other papers include the Port Folio Weekly
, the New Journal and Guide
, and the
. Hampton Roads Magazine serves as a bi-monthly regional
magazine for Yorktown and the Hampton Roads area. Yorktown is served by a variety of radio
stations on the AM and FM dials, with towers located around the
Yorktown is also served by several television stations. The Hampton
Roads designated market area
(DMA) is the 42nd largest in the U.S. with 712,790 homes (0.64% of
the total U.S.). The major network television affiliates are
WTKR-TV 3 (CBS), WAVY 10 (NBC), WVEC-TV 13 (ABC), WGNT 27 (CW), WTVZ 33 (MyNetworkTV), WVBT 43 (Fox), and WPXV 49 (ION Television). The Public Broadcasting Service
station is WHRO-TV 15. Yorktown residents also can receive
independent stations, such as WSKY broadcasting
on channel 4 from the Outer Banks of North Carolina and WGBS broadcasting on channel 7.
served by Cox Cable
, a local 24-hour cable news network.
are also popular as an alternative to cable television
in Yorktown. Part of TNT
1993 telefilm The Broken Chain
was shot here.
Yorktown is served by two airports. Newport News/Williamsburg International
Airport, located in Newport News, and Norfolk
International Airport, in Norfolk, both cater to passengers from Hampton
The primary airport for the Virginia Peninsula is the
Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport. The Airport is
experiencing a 4th year of record, double-digit growth, making it
one of the fastest growing airports in the country. In January
2006, the airport reported having served 1,058,839
passengers.Norfolk International Airport , serves the region. The airport is
located near Chesapeake Bay, along the city limits of Norfolk and Virginia Beach.
Seven airlines provide nonstop services to
twenty five destinations. ORF had 3,703,664 passengers take off or
land at its facility and 68,778,934 pounds of cargo were processed
through its facilities. The Williamsburg-Jamestown
provides general aviation services and is located in
Amtrak serves nearby Newport
News, Virginia and Williamsburg, Virginia with three trains a day. The line runs west
along the Virginia
Peninsula to Richmond and points beyond.
Connecting buses are
available to Norfolk and Virginia Beach. A high speed rail
connection at Richmond to both the Northeast Corridor
and the Southeast High Speed Rail
are also under study.
- Holmes, Gary. " Nielsen Reports 1.1% increase in U.S. Television
Households for the 2006-2007 Season." Nielsen
Media Research. September 23, 2006. Retrieved on September