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Yuba City is a Northern California city, founded in 1849. It is the county seat of Sutter Countymarker, Californiamarker, United Statesmarker.

As of 2006, Yuba City had an estimated total population of 60,360.

Yuba City is the principal city of the Yuba City Metropolitan Statistical Areamarker which encompasses all of Sutter Countymarker and Yuba Countymarker. The metro area's population is 164,138. It is the 21st largest metropolitan area in California ranked behind Reddingmarker and Chicomarker. Its metropolitan statistical area is part of the Greater Sacramento CSA.

History

The Maidu people were settled in the region when they were first encountered by Spanish and Mexican scouting expeditions in the early 1800s. One version of the origin of the name "Yuba" is that during one of these expeditions, wild grapes were seen growing by a river, and so it was named "Uba", a variant spelling of the Spanish word uva (grape).

The Mexican government granted a large expanse of land which included the area in which Yuba City is situated to John Sutter, the same John Sutter upon whose land gold was subsequently discovered in 1848. He sold part of this tract to some enterprising men who wished to establish a town near the confluence of the Yuba River and the Feather River, tributaries of the Sacramento River, with an eye to developing a commercial center catering to the thousands of gold miners headed upstream to the gold fields. At the same time, another town was developing on the eastern bank of the Feather River, the beginnings of what later would become Marysvillemarker.

By 1852 Yuba City had one hotel, a grocery store, a post office, approximately 20 dwelling homes with a population of about 150.

The county seat for Sutter County, CA was chosen to be Yuba City in 1854. The same year, however, voters decided that Nicolaus, CA would be a better location, and the county seat was moved there. County voters returned to their first choice of Yuba City two years later, in 1856, and it has remained the county seat since.

Yuba City saw its first major influx of population after World War II, pushing residential areas west and south from the city's original center. Orchards were turned into residential areas as new homes were built to provide the amount of people migrating to the city.

In December, 1955, a series of storms dropped torrential rain throughout northern California. The deluge caused all the rivers in the region to overflow their banks and to break through levees. The Christmas Eve levee break at Yuba City was particularly disastrous, with 38 people losing their lives, and heavy damage occurring in the downtown section. According to Dick Brandt, manager of the Yuba County airport in 1955, between 550 and 600 Sutter County residents were rescued from the floodwater by helicopter.

On March 14, 1961, a B-52 Stratofortress carrying nuclear weapons, flying near Yuba City encountered a pressurization problem, and had to drop to a lower altitude. As such, more fuel than expected was used, and the aircraft ran out of fuel. It crashed before meetingmarker with a tanker aircraft. The pilot gave the bailout command, and the crew egressed at 10,000 ft, except for the pilot, who ejected at 4,000 ft, while avoiding a populated area. The aircraft was destroyed. The weapons, two Mark 39 thermonuclear bombs (identified from declassified Department of Energy films and photographs) were destroyed on impact though no explosion took place, and there was no release of radioactive material as a result.

Geography

Yuba City is located at 39°8'5" North, 121°37'34" West (39.134792, -121.626201). The Feather River lies at the edge of Yuba City.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.4 square miles (24.4 km²), of which, 9.4 square miles (24.3 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km2) of it is water. The total area is 0.64% water.

The Yuba City area is 40 minutes north of Sacramento and is part of the Sacramento Valley. Sutter County is also home to the smallest mountain range in the world (the Sutter Buttesmarker). The area is sometimes called the "Feather River Valley" named for the river that divides Yuba City from its neighbor Marysvillemarker. An example is the minor league baseball team, the Feather River Mudcats of the Western Baseball League in the late 1990s.

Image:Sutter Mountains.JPG|Sutter Buttes seen from Yuba City.Image:Yuba sign.jpg|Welcome sign on CA-99.

Climate

Yuba City has a Mediterranean Climate which is mild, wet, winters and hot, dry, summers. January is usually the wettest the month. July is the driest and hottest. The wet season starts from mid-October and ends in mid-April when Yuba City sees frequent rain and is usually under the tule fog. Heavy rain, especially during El Nino or too much mountain snow from winter storms can cause major flooding in the spring. Snow is rare in the valley, but cold waves from the north bring some light snow and ice. Spring is wet in the beginning but becomes dryer and warmer as summer months approach. April is the wettest spring month. May has some rain, but usually from thunderstorms than winter storms. Spring orchards and fields become filled with flowers and tree blossoms during Spring. June-to-September is the dry and hot season. Rain usually doesn't fall at all, but from rare southwest monsoon thunderstorms. July and August are the hottest months when temperatures reach the upper 90's. Heat waves usually occur from June-through-September. The hottest months are July and August. The delta breeze, which comes from the Bay Area on summer nights, helps cool temperatures and add humidity. At times the delta breeze is strong enough to bring coastal fog inland to the Sacramento Valley. Autumn starts out warm but begins to become cooler, wetter, and foggier. From September-to-mid-October temperatures begin to cool down rapidly bringing rain and fog. Rain and fog become more persistent from mid-October into November.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there are 36,758 people (60,507 as of 1/1/2006), 13,290 households, and 8,944 families residing in the city. The population density is 3,924.4 people per square mile (1,514.7/km²). There are 13,912 housing units at an average density of 1,485.3/sq mi (573.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city is 67.0% White, 2.8% African American, 0.9% Native American, 3.6% Asian American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 5.5% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. 12.5% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. The European population in Yuba City is 0.5% Romanian, 0.7% Portugal, 1.6% Spaniards, 0.3% Italian, and 1.6% German .

There are 13,290 households out of which 36.7% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.6% are married couples living together, 14.3% have a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% are "non-families." 26.5% of all households are made up of individuals and 9.7% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.70 and the average family size is 3.28.

In the city the population is spread out with 29.0% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, and 12.2% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 32 years. For every 100 females there are 95.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 91.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $32,858, and the median income for a family is $39,381. Males have a median income of $34,303 versus $23,410 for females. The per capita income for the city is $15,928. 18.1% of the population and 14.5% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 24.8% of those under the age of 18 and 9.5% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Agricultural economy

Sunsweet Inc. headquarters

Yuba City is home to the largest dried fruit processing plant in the world, Sunsweet Growers Incorporated, so it isn't surprising that beginning in 1988 Yuba City was home to the California Prune Festival. In 2001 the name was changed to the California Dried Plum Festival and in early 2003 directors announced the end of the festival's 15 year run in the Yuba-Sutter area. This was primarily due to rise in costs, difficulty in securing sponsors, and competition from other festivals.

Arts and Culture

Annual Events

Sikh Parade

Yuba City is known for its sizeable Sikh community. The Sikh population in the Yuba-Sutter Areamarker has grown to be one of the largest in the United States and one of the largest Sikh populations outside of the Punjab state of India . Each year on the first Sunday of November, Sikhs from the United States, Canada, India, the United Kingdom and throughout the world attend the Sikh parade in Yuba City, which commemorates the receipt by Sikhs of their Holy scripture, the Guru Granth Sahib, in 1708. The 4.5-mile-long parade features floats and a procession of parade participants. The 2005 parade drew an estimated 56,000 people while the 2007 parade was estimated to draw between 75,000 to 85,000 people of both Sikh and non-Sikh background . In 2008, an estimated 80,000 people came out for the event which is now considered one of the largest gatherings in Northern California.

Museums and other points of interest



Politics

In the state legislature Yuba City is located in the 4th Senate District, represented by Republican Sam Aanestad, and in the 2nd Assembly District, represented by Republican Doug LaMalfa. Federally, Yuba City is located in California's 2nd congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +13.

Parks

Community parks:
  • Sam Brannan Park
  • Blackburn-Talley Sports Complex/Park
  • Gauche Aquatic Park


Neighborhood parks:
  • Bogue Park
  • Greenwood Park
  • Happy Park
  • Hillcrest Park
  • Holly Tree Park
  • Kingwood Park
  • Lloyd Park
  • Maple Park
  • Moore Park
  • Nakwhal Park
  • Northridge Park
  • Patriot Park
  • Regency Park
  • Shanghai Garden Park
  • Southside Park


Passive parks:
  • Clark-Ainsley Mini Park
  • Plumas Tower Plaza Mini Park
  • Veterans Memorial Park


Other recreational facilities:
  • April Lane School/Park
  • Geweke Field
  • City Hall
  • Senior Center
  • Feather River Levee Bike Trail


Education

Yuba City High School is home of the Honkers.
Public schools are part of the Yuba City Unified School District. The three high schools in the district are Yuba City High School, River Valley High Schoolmarker, and Albert Powell Continuation High School. Faith Christian High School is a private christian school located in Yuba City. The Yuba City Charter School is K-12.

Yuba City is in the Yuba Community College District and is served by Yuba Community College in neighboring Marysville.

Media

The main newspaper for Yuba City area is the Appeal-Democrat. The newspaper is printed in Marysville, but serves the entire Yuba-Sutter area. The Sacramento Bee is also widely sold and read in Yuba City.

Notable residents and natives



Sister/twin cities



See also



References

  1. Yuba City Quickfacts from US Census Bureau
  2. Yuba County 2007 Census Estimate
  3. Sutter County 2007 Census Estimate
  4. http://tapestry.usgs.gov/features/33sutter.html
  5. http://www.sunsweet.com/about/
  6. http://www.topix.com/religion/sikh/2009/11/u-s-city-celebrates-sikhism
  7. A Mela in America
  8. Sikh Heritage Celebrated
  9. Yuba City Unified School District


External links




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