Yushan ( ) is a county in the northeast of Jiangxi province,
China. The county is Jiangxi's gateway to bordering
It covers 1,731 km² and the population now reaches
The climate is temperate there with abundant rainfall in the
monsoon season, and has clearly differentiated summers and
Yushan has been a county for over 1,300 years. Administratively the
county is part of the prefecture-level city Shangrao.
county administers 21 townships.
year, tens of thousands of domestic and foreign tourists flock to
Yushan's picturesque Sanqing
Mountain (三清山), which
has been officially designated as a National
(怀玉山) is also a
tourist attraction. In the Song
, the great neo-Confucianist Zhu
taught there. In Republican times, the area also hosted a
guerilla affiliated to the Communist Party of China
, led by
then legendary general Fang
Over the last fifty years, the county has harnessed its eight major
rivers for power. It has three large hydropower
stations with installed capacity of
about 1.2 megawatts.
The county is relatively a lagger in economic development. But it
boasts affluent mining resources, like flagstones and
a stop on the Zhe-Gan Railway, leading from Shanghai, Hangzhou to Nanchang and further
south to Guangzhou and Hong
At the end of 2002, the county was also
incorporated into the national network of roads with the
construction of a highway to Shanghai. Its closest airport is
one in Quzhou, which flies
to various domestic destinations.
Yushan is famous nationwide for its distinctive success in school
education, which is quintessential by the Yushan No.1 Middle
School. Founded in 1939, the school is cradle of about 1,000
graduates beyond the master degree. It is applying for one of
China's top 1,000 elementary and middle schools.