The Full Wiki

More info on Zerstörergeschwader 76

Zerstörergeschwader 76: Map

Advertisements
  
  

Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:



Zerstörergeschwader 76 (ZG 76) was a Luftwaffe heavy/destroyer Fighter Aircraft-wing of World War II.

History

A ZG 76 Bf 110C with "sharks mouth" nose paint
Zerstörergeschwader 76 was formed on 1 May 1939 with the I. Gruppe and II. Gruppe without a Geschwaderstab. The II. Gruppe was initially equipped with the Messerschmitt Bf 109 and was known as Jagdgruppe 176. The Geschwaderstab was created on 15 April 1940 in Köln-Wahn. The III. Gruppe was raised on 26 June 1940 in Triermarker-Euren.

During the Battle of Britain, II/ZG 76, stationed in Northern France, flew escort for bomber units attacking Southern England. Losses however mounted quickly and on 15 August II./ZG 76 alone lost 8 aircraft to RAF fighters.By October, most of the Bf 110 units had been withdrawn from France and some reformed as night fighter units.

The I. Gruppe was reassigned on 7 September 1940 and became the II. Gruppe of Nachtjagdgeschwader 1, the II. Gruppe became the III. Gruppe of Nachtjagdgeschwader 3 on 1 November 1941. At the same time the Geschwaderstab became the Jagdfliegerführer Norwegen and the III. Gruppe was disbanded.

The Geschwader was reformed again in August 1943. The Geschwaderstab and I. Gruppe were raised in Ansbachmarker, the II. Gruppe in Wertheim and the III. Gruppe in November in Öttingenmarker.

On 4 October 1943 I. and II./ZG 76 attacked a formation of USAAF heavy bombers on missions to Frankfurt and Wiesbaden. They were intercepted by P-47s of the 56th Fighter Group over the Eifel mountains and 7 of the 40 Bf 110G-2s shot down.

The reforming of the III. Gruppe was terminated. Geschwaderstab and I. Gruppe were transferred and became Jagdgeschwader 76 in July 1944. The II. Gruppe remained a Zerstörergruppe and was transferred in January 1945 and became the III./Jagdgeschwader 54.

Commanding Officers

Kommodore

  • Generalmajor Walter Grabmann, 15 April 1940 – 31 July 1941
  • Oberstleutnant Theodor Rossiwall, August 1943 – 24 January 1944
  • Oberstleutnant Robert Kowalewski, 25 January 1944 – 24 July 1944


Gruppenkommandeure

I./ZG 76

  • Hauptmann Günther Reinecke, 1 May 1939 – 30 April 1940
  • Hauptmann Werner Hansen (acting), 30 April 1940 – 11 May 1940
  • Hauptmann Werner Restemeyer, 11 May 1940 – 15 August 1940
  • Hauptmann Graf von Stillfried und Rattonitz, August 1940 – 7 September 1940


II./ZG 76

  • Hauptmann Walter Schmidt-Coste, 1 May 1939 – 31 December 1939
  • Major Erich Groth, 1 January 1940 – 12 August 1941
  • Major Heinz Nacke, 14 August 1941 – November 1941
  • Major Herbert Kaminski, 5 October 1943 – 9 August 1944


III./ZG 76

  • Hauptmann Friedrich-Karl Dickoré, 26 June 1940 – 15 August 1940
  • Hauptmann Rolf Kaldrack, 16 August 1940 – 24 April 1941
  • Hauptmann Johannes Kiel, 1 November 1943 – 29 January 1944


Ergänzungsgruppe

  • Major Wilhelm Lessmann, May 1941 – July 1941
  • Hauptmann Johann Kogler, July 1941 – September 1941


See also

Organization of the Luftwaffe during World War II

References




Embed code:
Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message